Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Minnesota

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Minnesota’s state population was 5,167,101, which ranked 21st among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (86  percent), African Americans (4 percent), and Hispanics (4 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 20,488 births to unmarried women in Minnesota, accounting for 29.0 percent of all births in the state.
  • Minnesota ranked 45th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 11,970 births to unmarried white women in Minnesota, 3,213 births to unmarried African American women, and 2,754 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In Minnesota, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.2 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 10.9 percent in rural areas and 14.2 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Minnesota had 358,136 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (49.5 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 110,434 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 58 percent of low-income children in Minnesota were white, 15 percent were African American, and 12 percent were Hispanic.

 

TABLE MN-1.

MINNESOTA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Minnesota

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      1,459

      1,549

 94.2

 

 93.3

 

90.6

18 to 29

     15,714

     39,431

 39.9

 

 41.1

 

45.3

Over 30

      3,315

     29,644

 11.2

 

 12.6

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     11,970

     53,344

 22.4

 

 26.4

 

24.5

African American

      3,213

      5,569

 57.7

 

 70.4

 

69.3

Hispanic

      2,754

      5,336

 51.6

 

 46.9

 

46.4

Asian or Pacific Islander

1,164

4,062

28.7

 

21.9

 

14.2

Mother’s Educationc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      5,153

      7,524

 68.5

 

 65.5

 

60.9

High school graduate

     13,165

     35,640

 36.9

 

 38.5

 

39.8

College graduate

      1,446

     26,085

  5.5

 

  5.7

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hennepin County

      5,181

     16,721

 31.0

 

---

 

---

Ramsey County

      2,946

      7,269

 40.5

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     12,361

     46,634

 26.5

 

---

 

---

Total

     20,488

     70,624

 29.0

 

 32.5

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total due to missing information on mother’s education level.

 

TABLE MN-2.

MINNESOTA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Minnesota

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

NA

 

     47,601

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

NA

 

  3.2

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

NA

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

NA = not available; Minnesota does not report these divorce statistics.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Minnesota

 

West North Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    166,175

 12.4

 

 13.4

 

 13.7

Women

    207,266

 13.9

 

 14.8

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    334,581

 13.1

 

 14.0

 

 15.0

African American

     17,796

 24.9

 

 22.9

 

 21.1

Hispanic

      6,706

  8.8

 

  9.9

 

 12.2

Asian

     5,680

 6.4

 

 5.8

 

 6.9

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     30,921

 12.6

 

 14.6

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    253,655

 14.7

 

 15.6

 

 16.8

College graduate

     88,865

 10.2

 

 10.5

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

     96,880

 10.9

 

 12.4

 

 14.5

Urban

    276,561

 14.2

 

 15.0

 

 15.1

Total

    373,441

 13.2

 

 14.2

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest groups.

 

TABLE MN-3.

MINNESOTA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Minnesota

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    177,337

 49.5

 

 48.3

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     41,444

 11.6

 

 10.0

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     53,849

 15.0

 

 13.5

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     56,523

 15.8

 

 18.3

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

      9,682

  2.7

 

  3.7

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     19,301

  5.4

 

  6.3

 

8.3

 

Total

    358,136

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     66,903

 55.4

 

 55.5

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     11,968

  9.9

 

 10.6

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     10,388

  8.6

 

  6.7

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     21,671

 17.9

 

 17.7

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      4,323

  3.6

 

  3.9

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      5,518

  4.6

 

  5.7

 

7.9

 

Total

    120,771

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    110,434

 46.5

 

 44.8

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     29,476

 12.4

 

  9.7

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     43,461

 18.3

 

 16.8

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     34,852

 14.7

 

 18.5

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

      5,359

  2.3

 

  3.6

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     13,783

  5.8

 

  6.5

 

8.3

 

Total

    237,365

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE MN-4.

MINNESOTA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Minnesota

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    108,148

 52.1

 

 54.3

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     28,245

 13.6

 

 10.4

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     19,509

  9.4

 

  7.4

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     38,582

 18.6

 

 20.1

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

      5,138

  2.5

 

  3.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      8,097

  3.9

 

  4.6

 

6.2

 

Total

    207,719

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     18,239

 33.8

 

 23.1

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

      3,855

  7.1

 

  5.9

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     20,237

 37.5

 

 40.4

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

      6,658

 12.3

 

 16.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

      1,516

  2.8

 

  4.6

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

      3,496

  6.5

 

  9.3

 

10.9

 

Total

     54,001

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     21,345

 48.7

 

 54.3

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      5,117

 11.7

 

 11.9

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      8,195

 18.7

 

 11.2

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      2,199

  5.0

 

 10.8

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      1,110

  2.5

 

  3.9

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      5,866

 13.4

 

  7.9

 

8.9

 

Total

     43,832

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Asian

Married Parents

20,632

80.0

 

74.6

 

73.2

Cohabiting Parents

1,147

4.4

 

6.3

 

3.7

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

1.5

 

3.7

 

Formerly married

2,064

8.0

 

13.5

 

10.6

 

Neither Parent

114

4.3

 

2.6

 

2.5

 

Unknownc

592

2.3

 

1.5

 

6.3

 

Total

25,784

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. The table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

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