Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Michigan

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Michigan’s state population was 10,095,643, which ranked eighth among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (78 percent) and African Americans (14 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 46,280 births to unmarried women in Michigan, accounting for 35.7 percent of all births in the state.
  • Michigan ranked 23rd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 24,242 births to unmarried white women in Michigan and 16,455 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Michigan had a divorce rate of 3.4 divorces per 1,000 people.  Michigan’s divorce rate ranked 28th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Michigan, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.9 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent in rural areas and 16.3 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Michigan had 919,928 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (41.8 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 272,990 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 55 percent of low-income children in Michigan were white, 31 percent were African American, and 9 percent were Hispanic.

 

TABLE MI-1.

MICHIGAN

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Michigan

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      3,811

      4,046

 94.2

 

 94.9

 

90.6

18 to 29

     35,122

     76,573

 45.9

 

 46.6

 

45.3

Over 30

      7,347

     49,157

 14.9

 

 14.5

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     24,242

     91,117

 26.6

 

 27.0

 

24.5

African American

     16,455

     22,240

 74.0

 

 76.6

 

69.3

Hispanic

      3,579

      7,827

 45.7

 

 47.0

 

46.4

Other

        799

      5,054

 15.8

 

 14.4

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     15,305

     21,795

 70.2

 

 67.2

 

60.9

High school graduate

     27,430

     69,284

 39.6

 

 41.4

 

39.8

College graduate

      2,195

     35,332

  6.2

 

  6.2

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayne County

     13,997

     28,283

 49.5

 

---

 

---

Oakland County

      3,081

     15,264

 20.2

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     29,202

     86,229

 33.9

 

---

 

---

Total

     46,280

    129,776

 35.7

 

 36.2

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE MI-2.

MICHIGAN

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Michigan

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     34,580

 

    123,466

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  3.4

 

  3.1

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 28

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Michigan

 

East North Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    384,925

 15.0

 

 14.2

 

 13.7

Women

    492,863

 16.7

 

 16.2

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    694,529

 15.0

 

 14.8

 

 15.0

African American

    133,054

 25.8

 

 24.2

 

 21.1

Hispanic

     24,969

 14.6

 

 11.8

 

 12.2

Other

     25,236

 11.9

 

 10.5

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    108,092

 16.3

 

 15.3

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    614,321

 17.7

 

 17.2

 

 16.8

College graduate

    155,375

 11.3

 

 10.6

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    207,351

 14.6

 

 14.5

 

 14.5

Urban

    670,437

 16.3

 

 15.5

 

 15.1

Total

    877,788

 15.9

 

 15.3

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages.  See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE MI-3.

MICHIGAN

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Michigan

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    384,667

 41.8

 

 42.2

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     92,697

 10.1

 

 10.2

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    168,918

 18.4

 

 17.8

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    171,224

 18.6

 

 18.3

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     37,438

  4.1

 

  4.1

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     64,984

  7.1

 

  7.4

 

8.3

 

Total

    919,928

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

    111,677

 52.4

 

 54.0

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     27,519

 12.9

 

 11.7

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     16,370

  7.7

 

  7.8

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     37,911

 17.8

 

 17.1

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      6,331

  3.0

 

  3.7

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     13,201

  6.2

 

  5.7

 

7.9

 

Total

    213,009

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    272,990

 38.6

 

 39.4

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     65,178

  9.2

 

  9.9

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    152,548

 21.6

 

 20.1

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

    133,313

 18.9

 

 18.6

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     31,107

  4.4

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     51,783

  7.3

 

  7.9

 

8.3

 

Total

    706,919

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE MI-4.

MICHIGAN

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Michigan

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    261,296

 52.1

 

 49.9

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     62,867

 12.5

 

 11.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     31,742

  6.3

 

  7.9

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

    104,108

 20.7

 

 21.2

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     15,081

  3.0

 

  3.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     26,846

  5.3

 

  6.2

 

6.2

 

Total

    501,940

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     53,638

 19.0

 

 16.8

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     14,301

  5.1

 

  6.1

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    121,810

 43.2

 

 44.1

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     46,926

 16.6

 

 16.4

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     17,859

  6.3

 

  6.7

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     27,695

  9.8

 

  9.8

 

10.9

 

Total

    282,229

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     46,707

 57.2

 

 57.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      7,673

  9.4

 

 12.2

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      7,933

  9.7

 

  8.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     11,011

 13.5

 

 11.8

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      1,723

  2.1

 

  2.3

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      6,562

  8.0

 

  7.4

 

8.9

 

Total

     81,609

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     23,026

 42.5

 

 43.9

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      7,856

 14.5

 

 12.2

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      7,433

 13.7

 

 13.9

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      9,179

 17.0

 

 16.1

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

      2,775

  5.1

 

  5.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      3,881

  7.2

 

  8.7

 

8.7

 

Total

     54,150

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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