Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Iowa

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Iowa’s state population was 2,982,085, which ranked 30th among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (91 percent) and Hispanics (4 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 11,913 births to unmarried women in Iowa, accounting for 31.0 percent of all births in the state.
  • Iowa ranked 38th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 9,219 births to unmarried white women in Iowa and 1,259 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Iowa had a divorce rate of 2.7 divorces per 1,000 people.  Iowa’s divorce rate ranked 41st highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Iowa, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 11.9 percent in rural areas and 14.5 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Iowa had 239,707 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (47.8 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 69,658 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 75 percent of low-income children in Iowa were white and 11 percent were Hispanic.

 

TABLE IA-1.

IOWA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Iowa

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

        877

        921

 95.2

 

 93.3

 

90.6

18 to 29

      9,531

     24,588

 38.8

 

 41.1

 

45.3

Over 30

      1,505

     12,929

 11.6

 

 12.6

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      9,219

     32,859

 28.1

 

 26.4

 

24.5

African American

      1,064

      1,459

 72.9

 

 70.4

 

69.3

Hispanic

      1,259

      2,835

 44.4

 

 46.9

 

46.4

Other

        330

      1,180

 28.0

 

 42.1

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      3,460

      5,607

 61.7

 

 65.5

 

60.9

High school graduate

      7,799

     21,262

 36.7

 

 38.5

 

39.8

College graduate

        614

     11,487

  5.3

 

  5.7

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polk County

      1,897

      6,322

 30.0

 

---

 

---

Linn County

        822

      2,760

 29.8

 

---

 

---

All other counties

      9,194

     29,356

 31.3

 

---

 

---

Total

     11,913

     38,438

 31.0

 

 32.5

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE IA-2.

IOWA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Iowa

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

      8,148

 

     47,601

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  2.7

 

  3.2

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 41

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Iowa

 

West North Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    105,575

 13.1

 

 13.4

 

 13.7

Women

    128,009

 14.0

 

 14.8

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    215,757

 13.4

 

 14.0

 

 15.0

African American

      6,651

 25.4

 

 22.9

 

 21.1

Hispanic

      7,011

 13.6

 

  9.9

 

 12.2

Other

      4,165

 11.4

 

 14.0

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     23,553

 12.9

 

 14.6

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    169,152

 15.0

 

 15.6

 

 16.8

College graduate

     40,879

  9.9

 

 10.5

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

     74,479

 11.9

 

 12.4

 

 14.5

Urban

    159,105

 14.5

 

 15.0

 

 15.1

Total

    233,584

 13.6

 

 14.2

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE IA-3.

IOWA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Iowa

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    114,649

 47.8

 

 48.3

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     26,251

 11.0

 

 10.0

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     27,487

 11.5

 

 13.5

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     51,662

 21.6

 

 18.3

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

      8,254

  3.4

 

  3.7

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     11,404

  4.8

 

  6.3

 

8.3

 

Total

    239,707

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     44,991

 53.9

 

 55.5

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     11,300

 13.5

 

 10.6

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      6,924

  8.3

 

  6.7

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     13,191

 15.8

 

 17.7

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      2,804

  3.4

 

  3.9

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      4,209

  5.0

 

  5.7

 

7.9

 

Total

     83,419

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     69,658

 44.6

 

 44.8

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     14,951

  9.6

 

  9.7

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     20,563

 13.2

 

 16.8

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     38,471

 24.6

 

 18.5

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

      5,450

  3.5

 

  3.6

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

      7,195

  4.6

 

  6.5

 

8.3

 

Total

    156,288

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE IA-4.

IOWA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Iowa

 

West North Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

     89,863

 50.1

 

 54.3

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     18,034

 10.1

 

 10.4

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     17,039

  9.5

 

  7.4

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     41,531

 23.2

 

 20.1

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

      5,114

  2.9

 

  3.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      7,699

  4.3

 

  4.6

 

6.2

 

Total

    179,280

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

      4,488

 23.6

 

 23.1

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

      2,367

 12.5

 

  5.9

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      5,521

 29.1

 

 40.4

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

      4,392

 23.1

 

 16.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

      1,201

  6.3

 

  4.6

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

      1,034

  5.4

 

  9.3

 

10.9

 

Total

     19,003

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     13,417

 50.0

 

 54.3

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      4,819

 18.0

 

 11.9

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,992

  7.4

 

 11.2

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      3,146

 11.7

 

 10.8

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      1,505

  5.6

 

  3.9

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      1,954

  7.3

 

  7.9

 

8.9

 

Total

     26,833

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

      6,881

 47.2

 

 41.7

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      1,031

  7.1

 

 11.5

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      2,935

 20.1

 

 14.3

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      2,593

 17.8

 

 17.3

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

        434

  3.0

 

  5.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

        717

  4.9

 

 10.1

 

8.7

 

Total

     14,591

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"report.pdf" (pdf, 3.39Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apa.pdf" (pdf, 92.03Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apb.pdf" (pdf, 67.24Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®