Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Hawaii

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Hawaii’s state population was 1,285,498, which ranked 42nd among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were Asians (39 percent), whites (24 percent), Hispanics (8 percent), and Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders (8 percent).  An additional 19 percent of the state’s population identified with multiple racial/ethnic groups.

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 6,098 births to unmarried women in Hawaii, accounting for 33.4 percent of all births in the state.
  • Hawaii ranked 32nd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • For Asians and Pacific Islanders, the percentage of births to unmarried women in Hawaii (34.7 percent) is more than twice the national average (14.2 percent).

Marriage and Divorce

  • In Hawaii, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.7 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.7 percent among whites, 19.4 percent among Hispanics, and 10.6 percent among Asians and Pacific Islanders.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Hawaii had 96,667 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.5 percent) were living with married parents.
  • In 2006, 18 percent of low-income children in Hawaii were white, 17 percent were Hispanic, and 34 percent were Asians or Pacific Islanders.

 

TABLE HI-1.

HAWAII

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Hawaii

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

        434

        458

 94.8

 

 89.1

 

90.6

18 to 29

      4,472

     10,385

 43.1

 

 43.1

 

45.3

Over 30

      1,192

      7,438

 16.0

 

 17.2

 

16.0

Mother’s  Race/Ethnicityb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

1,021

4,319

23.6

 

22.7

 

24.5

Asian or Pacific Islander

3,724

10,728

34.7

 

16.6

 

14.2

Hispanic

1,196

2,680

44.6

 

44.5

 

46.4

Mother’s Educationc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      1,192

      1,739

 68.5

 

 53.7

 

60.9

High school graduate

      4,350

     11,802

 36.9

 

 36.6

 

39.8

College graduate

        455

      4,519

 10.1

 

  7.0

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Honolulu County

      3,884

     13,321

 29.2

 

---

 

---

Hawaii County

      1,101

      2,233

 49.3

 

---

 

---

All other counties

      1,113

      2,727

 40.8

 

---

 

---

Total

      6,098

     18,281

 33.4

 

 33.8

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table only includes estimates for the state’s three largest groups.

cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information on mother’s education level.

 

TABLE HI-2.

HAWAII

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Hawaii

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

NA

 

     44,920

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

NA

 

  4.2

 

3.6

State rankingb

NA

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.  Data not available for California or Hawaii.

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

NA = not available; Hawaii does not report these divorce statistics.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Hawaii

 

Pacific Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

     40,295

 12.6

 

 13.3

 

 13.7

Women

     54,220

 14.5

 

 16.5

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     31,488

 16.7

 

 17.5

 

 15.0

Asian or Pacific Islander

      37,945

 10.6

 

 8.1

 

 7.1

Hispanic

      7,832

 19.4

 

 10.7

 

 12.2

Multiracial or Other Group

     17,250

 16.7

 

 22.6

 

 21.0

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      8,051

 10.6

 

 10.5

 

 13.4

High school graduate

     59,222

 14.4

 

 17.4

 

 16.8

College graduate

     27,242

 13.4

 

 13.2

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

NA

NA

 

 15.5

 

 14.5

Urban

     94,515

 13.7

 

 15.0

 

 15.1

Total

     94,515

 13.7

 

 15.0

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

TABLE HI-3.

HAWAII

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Hawaii

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

     50,747

 52.5

 

 51.9

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

      7,920

  8.2

 

 10.0

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     12,930

 13.4

 

 10.8

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

      8,622

  8.9

 

 15.5

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

      4,574

  4.7

 

  3.5

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     11,874

 12.3

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

     96,667

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

NA

NA

 

 54.4

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

NA

NA

 

 11.2

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

  7.0

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

NA

NA

 

 15.8

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  4.3

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  7.2

 

7.9

 

Total

NA

NA

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     50,747

 52.5

 

 51.8

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      7,920

  8.2

 

 10.0

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     12,930

 13.4

 

 11.0

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

      8,622

  8.9

 

 15.4

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

      4,574

  4.7

 

  3.4

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     11,874

 12.3

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

     96,667

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

TABLE HI-4.

HAWAII

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Hawaii

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

     11,214

 66.2

 

 49.6

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

        492

  2.9

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      2,692

 15.9

 

  7.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

      1,470

  8.7

 

 22.0

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

        431

  2.5

 

  4.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

        644

  3.8

 

  6.3

 

6.2

 

Total

     16,943

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Asian or   Pacific Islander

Married Parents

17,821

53.8

 

 66.8

 

72.2

Cohabiting Parents

3,182

9.6

 

  5.4

 

4.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

2,665

8.0

 

  5.1

 

 3.9

 

Formerly married

2,700

8.1

 

 11.9

 

10.6

 

Neither Parent

2,838

8.6

 

  3.3

 

2.7

 

Unknownc

3,926

11.8

 

  7.4

 

 6.6

 

Total

33,132

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

      9,124

 54.6

 

 55.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      1,352

  8.1

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      2,095

 12.5

 

  9.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      1,330

  8.0

 

 12.4

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

        450

  2.7

 

  2.7

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      2,368

 14.2

 

  9.2

 

8.9

 

Total

     16,719

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Multiracial or Other Group

Married Parents

     12,588

 42.1

 

 29.2

 

22.5

Cohabiting Parents

      2,894

  9.7

 

  9.2

 

7.4

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      5,478

 18.3

 

  26.2

 

33.9

 

Formerly married

      3,122

  10.5

 

 20.6

 

18.7

 

Neither Parent

      855

  2.9

 

  6.5

 

6.6

 

Unknownc

      4,936

 16.5

 

  8.4

 

10.7

 

Total

     29,873

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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