Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. California

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, California’s state population was 36,457,549, which ranked first among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (43 percent), Hispanics (36 percent), and Asians (12  percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 187,582 births to unmarried women in California, accounting for 34.4 percent of all births in the state.
  • California ranked 29th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 122,528 births to unmarried Hispanic women in California, 33,345 births to unmarried white women, and 19,298 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In California, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.2 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.0 percent in rural areas and 14.2 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, California had 3,886,810 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.3 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 2,006,997 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 67 percent of low-income children in California were Hispanic, 15 percent were white, and 8 percent were African American.

 

TABLE CA-1.

CALIFORNIA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

California

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

     15,029

     16,961

 88.6

 

 89.1

 

90.6

18 to 29

    131,689

    299,530

 44.0

 

 43.1

 

45.3

Over 30

     40,864

    228,352

 17.9

 

 17.2

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     33,345

    162,716

 20.5

 

 22.7

 

24.5

African American

     19,298

     30,478

 63.3

 

 62.0

 

69.3

Hispanic

    122,528

    275,201

 44.5

 

 44.5

 

46.4

Asian or Pacific Islander

     8,911

     66,309

 13.4

 

 16.6

 

14.2

Mother’s Educationc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     78,297

    148,557

 52.7

 

 53.7

 

60.9

High school graduate

     93,610

    250,523

 37.4

 

 36.6

 

39.8

College graduate

      9,542

    130,075

  7.3

 

  7.0

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Los Angeles County

     60,328

    151,579

 39.8

 

---

 

---

Orange County

     12,496

     45,065

 27.7

 

---

 

---

All other counties

    114,758

    348,199

 33.0

 

---

 

---

Total

    187,582

    544,843

 34.4

 

 33.8

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total due to missing information on mother’s education level.

 

TABLE CA-2.

CALIFORNIA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

California

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

NA

 

     44,920

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

NA

 

  4.2

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

NA

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.  Data not available for California or Hawaii.

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

California

 

Pacific Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

  1,057,840

 12.3

 

 13.3

 

 13.7

Women

  1,574,909

 16.0

 

 16.5

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

  1,587,790

 17.2

 

 17.5

 

 15.0

African American

    210,840

 24.7

 

 24.3

 

 21.1

Hispanic

    573,000

 10.5

 

 10.7

 

 12.2

Asian

184,477

7.3

 

7.9

 

6.9

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    352,223

  9.5

 

 10.5

 

 13.4

High school graduate

  1,596,825

 16.8

 

 17.4

 

 16.8

College graduate

    683,701

 13.0

 

 13.2

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

     52,828

 16.0

 

 15.5

 

 14.5

Urban

  2,579,921

 14.2

 

 15.0

 

 15.1

Total

  2,632,749

 14.2

 

 15.0

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE CA-3.

CALIFORNIA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

California

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

  2,031,721

 52.3

 

 51.9

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

    379,041

  9.8

 

 10.0

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    423,421

 10.9

 

 10.8

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    574,028

 14.8

 

 15.5

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

    131,588

  3.4

 

  3.5

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

    347,011

  8.9

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

  3,886,810

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     24,724

 57.2

 

 54.4

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

      3,908

  9.0

 

 11.2

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      4,226

  9.8

 

  7.0

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      7,209

 16.7

 

 15.8

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      1,486

  3.4

 

  4.3

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      1,703

  3.9

 

  7.2

 

7.9

 

Total

     43,256

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

  2,006,997

 52.2

 

 51.8

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

    375,133

  9.8

 

 10.0

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    419,195

 10.9

 

 11.0

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

    566,819

 14.7

 

 15.4

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

    130,102

  3.4

 

  3.4

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

    345,308

  9.0

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

  3,843,554

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE CA-4.

CALIFORNIA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

California

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    284,954

 48.5

 

 49.6

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     58,403

  9.9

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     47,449

  8.1

 

  7.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

    127,207

 21.7

 

 22.0

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     24,502

  4.2

 

  4.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     44,641

  7.6

 

  6.3

 

6.2

 

Total

    587,156

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     67,122

 21.0

 

 23.5

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     21,793

  6.8

 

  6.9

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    115,415

 36.1

 

 34.8

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     59,056

 18.5

 

 18.5

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     27,432

  8.6

 

  8.1

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     28,516

  8.9

 

  8.1

 

10.9

 

Total

    319,334

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

  1,459,849

 55.9

 

 55.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

    273,443

 10.5

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    234,747

  9.0

 

  9.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

    327,828

 12.6

 

 12.4

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

     69,515

  2.7

 

  2.7

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

    245,168

  9.4

 

  9.2

 

8.9

 

Total

  2,610,550

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Asian

Married Parents

167,857

69.8

 

67.8

 

73.2

Cohabiting Parents

11,345

4.7

 

5.0

 

3.7

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

10,659

4.4

 

5.0

 

3.7

 

Formerly married

28,652

11.9

 

12.3

 

10.6

 

Neither Parent

5,376

2.2

 

3.1

 

2.5

 

Unknownc

16,635

6.9

 

6.8

 

6.3

 

Total

    240,524

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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