Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Arkansas

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Arkansas’s state population was 2,810,872, which ranked 32nd among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (76 percent) and African Americans (15  percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 14,978 births to unmarried women in Arkansas, accounting for 38.8 percent of all births in the state.
  • Arkansas ranked tenth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 7,607 births to unmarried white women in Arkansas and 5,652 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Arkansas had a divorce rate of 6.0 divorces per 1,000 people.  Arkansas’s divorce rate ranked second highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Arkansas, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.1 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent in rural areas and 17.4 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Arkansas had 343,053 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (41.9 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 74,552 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 57 percent of low-income children in Arkansas were white and 26 percent were African American.

 

TABLE AR-1.

ARKANSAS

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Arkansas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      1,602

      1,842

 87.0

 

 86.0

 

90.6

18 to 29

     11,788

     27,562

 42.8

 

 44.2

 

45.3

Over 30

      1,588

      9,169

 17.3

 

 16.6

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      7,607

     26,797

 28.4

 

 26.2

 

24.5

African American

      5,652

      7,343

 77.0

 

 69.9

 

69.3

Hispanic

      1,486

      3,508

 42.4

 

 40.9

 

46.4

Other

        195

        811

 24.0

 

 21.5

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      5,033

      8,297

 60.7

 

 55.1

 

60.9

High school graduate

      9,154

     22,466

 40.7

 

 40.3

 

39.8

College graduate

        499

      7,085

  7.0

 

  7.2

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pulaski County

      2,544

      5,893

 43.2

 

---

 

---

Benton County

        792

      2,893

 27.4

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     11,642

     29,787

 39.1

 

---

 

---

Total

     14,978

     38,573

 38.8

 

 38.1

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE AR-2.

ARKANSAS

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Arkansas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     16,728

 

    112,674

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  6.0

 

  3.9

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

  2

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Arkansas

 

West South Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    120,780

 15.5

 

 14.1

 

 13.7

Women

    148,891

 16.6

 

 16.4

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    211,869

 15.3

 

 15.8

 

 15.0

African American

     43,691

 23.9

 

 22.0

 

 21.1

Hispanic

      6,200

 10.0

 

 11.4

 

 12.2

Other

      7,911

 16.2

 

 12.3

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     51,598

 16.4

 

 12.9

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    180,744

 17.2

 

 17.2

 

 16.8

College graduate

     37,329

 12.1

 

 12.6

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    117,715

 14.6

 

 14.6

 

 14.5

Urban

    151,956

 17.4

 

 15.5

 

 15.1

Total

    269,671

 16.1

 

 15.3

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE AR-3.

ARKANSAS

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Arkansas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    143,773

 41.9

 

 48.0

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     22,153

  6.5

 

  6.8

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     45,971

 13.4

 

 12.0

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     76,739

 22.4

 

 18.7

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     21,692

  6.3

 

  4.5

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     32,725

  9.5

 

 10.1

 

8.3

 

Total

    343,053

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     74,552

 45.3

 

 46.6

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     10,874

  6.6

 

  7.4

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     18,599

 11.3

 

  9.6

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     33,650

 20.5

 

 20.8

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      9,188

  5.6

 

  6.2

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     17,590

 10.7

 

  9.3

 

7.9

 

Total

    164,453

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     69,221

 38.8

 

 48.2

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     11,279

  6.3

 

  6.6

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     27,372

 15.3

 

 12.4

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     43,089

 24.1

 

 18.3

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     12,504

  7.0

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     15,135

  8.5

 

 10.2

 

8.3

 

Total

    178,600

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE AR-4.

ARKANSAS

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Arkansas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    102,564

 52.2

 

 51.8

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     10,438

  5.3

 

  7.1

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     11,301

  5.7

 

  4.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     43,111

 21.9

 

 23.6

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     14,327

  7.3

 

  5.5

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     14,824

  7.5

 

  7.4

 

6.2

 

Total

    196,565

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     17,378

 19.3

 

 21.8

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

      5,743

  6.4

 

  5.7

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     27,928

 31.0

 

 33.1

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     21,252

 23.6

 

 19.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

      5,457

  6.1

 

  6.8

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     12,292

 13.7

 

 12.8

 

10.9

 

Total

     90,050

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     18,522

 48.3

 

 56.9

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      4,333

 11.3

 

  7.0

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      3,677

  9.6

 

  7.1

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      7,939

 20.7

 

 15.3

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  3.0

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      3,183

  8.3

 

 10.7

 

8.9

 

Total

     38,341

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

      5,309

 29.3

 

 50.4

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      1,639

  9.1

 

  7.4

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      3,065

 16.9

 

 10.8

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      4,437

 24.5

 

 18.9

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

      1,221

  6.7

 

  4.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      2,426

 13.4

 

  8.4

 

8.7

 

Total

     18,097

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

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