Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Alaska

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Alaska’s state population was 670,053, which ranked 47th among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (67 percent) and Alaska Natives (11  percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 3,577 births to unmarried women in Alaska, accounting for 34.6 percent of all births in the state.
  • Alaska ranked 28th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 1,149 births to unmarried white women in Alaska and 1,471 births to unmarried American Indians.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Alaska had a divorce rate of 4.3 divorces per 1,000 people.  Alaska’s divorce rate ranked 15th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Alaska, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.1 percent in rural areas and 15.3 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Alaska had 50,843 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (53.6 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 16,955 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 41 percent of low-income children in Alaska were white and 24 percent were Alaska Natives.

 

TABLE AK-1.

ALASKA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Alaska

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

        268

        294

 91.2

 

 89.1

 

90.6

18 to 29

      2,719

      6,552

 41.5

 

 43.1

 

45.3

Over 30

        590

      3,492

 16.9

 

 17.2

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      1,149

      5,130

 22.4

 

 22.7

 

24.5

Asian or Pacific Islander

159

        524

 30.3

 

 16.6

 

14.2

Hispanic

        306

        877

 34.9

 

 44.5

 

46.4

American Indian

      1,471

      2,312

 63.6

 

 60.8

 

62.9

Mother’s Educationc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

        935

      1,355

 69.0

 

 53.7

 

60.9

High school graduate

      2,320

      6,562

 35.4

 

 36.6

 

39.8

College graduate

        121

      1,727

  7.0

 

  7.0

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anchorage Borough

      1,427

      4,392

 32.5

 

---

 

---

All other counties

      2,150

      5,946

 36.2

 

---

 

---

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

      3,577

     10,338

 34.6

 

 33.8

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

c Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing information on mother’s education level.

 

TABLE AK-2.

ALASKA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Alaska

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

      2,865

 

     44,920

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  4.3

 

  4.2

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 15

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Alaska

 

Pacific Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

     23,062

 14.0

 

 13.3

 

 13.7

Women

     31,614

 17.0

 

 16.5

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     40,734

 15.6

 

 17.5

 

 15.0

Asian

      2,199

 13.1

 

 7.9

 

 6.9

Hispanic

      2,285

 15.3

 

 10.7

 

 12.2

Alaska Native

     4,760

 16.6

 

 17.5

 

 16.9

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      4,461

 13.2

 

 10.5

 

 13.4

High school graduate

     38,674

 17.3

 

 17.4

 

 16.8

College graduate

     11,541

 12.3

 

 13.2

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

     18,619

 16.1

 

 15.5

 

 14.5

Urban

     36,057

 15.3

 

 15.0

 

 15.1

Total

     54,676

 15.6

 

 15.0

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE AK-3.

ALASKA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Alaska

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

     27,257

 53.6

 

 51.9

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

      6,419

 12.6

 

 10.0

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      2,116

  4.2

 

 10.8

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     10,105

 19.9

 

 15.5

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

      2,568

  5.1

 

  3.5

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

      2,378

  4.7

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

     50,843

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     10,302

 49.3

 

 54.4

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

      3,205

 15.4

 

 11.2

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,361

  6.5

 

  7.0

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      3,352

 16.1

 

 15.8

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

        863

  4.1

 

  4.3

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      1,796

  8.6

 

  7.2

 

7.9

 

Total

     20,879

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     16,955

 56.6

 

 51.8

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      3,214

 10.7

 

 10.0

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

        755

  2.5

 

 11.0

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

      6,753

 22.5

 

 15.4

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

      1,705

  5.7

 

  3.4

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  8.4

 

8.3

 

Total

     29,964

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

TABLE AK-4.

ALASKA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Alaska

 

Pacific Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

     11,471

 54.4

 

 49.6

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

      2,376

 11.3

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,014

  4.8

 

  7.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

      4,859

 23.0

 

 22.0

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

      1,318

  6.3

 

  4.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  6.3

 

6.2

 

Total

     21,084

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Asian

Married Parents

NA

NA

 

67.8

 

73.2

 

Cohabiting Parents

NA

NA

 

5.0

 

3.7

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

5.0

 

3.7

 

Formerly married

NA

NA

 

12.3

 

10.6

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

3.1

 

2.5

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

6.8

 

6.3

 

Total

NA

NA

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

NA

NA

 

 55.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

NA

NA

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

  9.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

NA

NA

 

 12.4

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  2.7

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  9.2

 

8.9

 

Total

NA

NA

 

100.0

 

100.0

Alaska Native

Married Parents

6,372

52.5

 

47.9

 

48.3

Cohabiting Parents

1,937

15.9

 

18.0

 

18.0

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

470

3.9

 

4.5

 

4.3

 

Formerly married

1,253

10.3

 

9.9

 

10.2

 

Neither Parent

905

7.5

 

10.4

 

10.0

 

Unknownc

1,208

9.9

 

9.2

 

9.2

 

Total

12,145

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

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