Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Alabama

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Alabama’s state population was 4,599,030, which ranked 23rd among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (69 percent) and African Americans (26 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 21,566 births to unmarried women in Alabama, accounting for 36.2 percent of all births in the state.
  • Alabama ranked 20th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 12,692 births to unmarried African American women in Alabama and 7,858 births to unmarried white women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Alabama had a divorce rate of 4.9 divorces per 1,000 people.  Alabama’s divorce rate ranked seventh highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Alabama, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.3 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.9 percent in rural areas and 17.5 percent in urban areas.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Alabama had 509,677 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over one-third of these children (37.5 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 103,325 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 46 percent of low-income children in Alabama were African American and 45 percent were white.

 

TABLE AL-1.

ALABAMA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Alabama

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      2,458

      2,844

 86.4

 

 88.1

 

90.6

18 to 29

     16,767

     40,237

 41.7

 

 45.0

 

45.3

Over 30

      2,341

     16,429

 14.2

 

 16.1

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      7,858

     37,209

 21.1

 

 26.7

 

24.5

African American

     12,692

     17,972

 70.6

 

 74.0

 

69.3

Hispanic

        843

      3,364

 25.1

 

 42.3

 

46.4

Other

        152

        917

 16.6

 

 20.7

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      7,831

     13,206

 59.3

 

 64.3

 

60.9

High school graduate

     12,775

     32,800

 38.9

 

 40.8

 

39.8

College graduate

        865

     13,099

  6.6

 

  6.7

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jefferson County

      3,790

      9,152

 41.4

 

---

 

---

Mobile County

      2,456

      5,707

 43.0

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     15,320

     44,651

 34.3

 

---

 

---

Total

     21,566

     59,510

 36.2

 

 38.8

 

35.8

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

 

TABLE AL-2.

ALABAMA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Alabama

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     22,430

 

     82,393

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  4.9

 

  4.7

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

  7

 

 

 

 

 

Source:  National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Alabama

 

East South Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    184,707

 15.3

 

 15.9

 

 13.7

Women

    245,269

 17.1

 

 17.3

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    306,235

 15.1

 

 16.0

 

 15.0

African American

    109,235

 21.4

 

 21.1

 

 21.1

Hispanic

      4,941

 10.6

 

 11.6

 

 12.2

Other

      9,565

 15.9

 

 15.1

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     81,968

 16.4

 

 16.8

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    277,471

 17.5

 

 18.0

 

 16.8

College graduate

     70,537

 12.7

 

 12.4

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    194,157

 14.9

 

 15.6

 

 14.5

Urban

    235,819

 17.5

 

 17.5

 

 15.1

Total

    429,976

 16.3

 

 16.6

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE AL-3.

ALABAMA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Alabama

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    191,032

 37.5

 

 38.7

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     33,282

  6.5

 

  7.9

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     92,611

 18.2

 

 17.4

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    106,658

 20.9

 

 20.5

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     32,400

  6.4

 

  6.2

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     53,694

 10.5

 

  9.2

 

8.3

 

Total

    509,677

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

    103,325

 41.4

 

 43.7

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     16,106

  6.4

 

  7.9

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     32,346

 13.0

 

 12.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     52,390

 21.0

 

 20.2

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

     17,510

  7.0

 

  6.4

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     28,032

 11.2

 

  9.4

 

7.9

 

Total

    249,709

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     87,707

 33.7

 

 34.1

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     17,176

  6.6

 

  7.9

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     60,265

 23.2

 

 22.2

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     54,268

 20.9

 

 20.9

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     14,890

  5.7

 

  5.9

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     25,662

  9.9

 

  9.0

 

8.3

 

Total

    259,968

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

 

TABLE AL-4.

ALABAMA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Alabama

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    120,299

 52.1

 

 51.4

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     15,951

  6.9

 

  8.2

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      7,027

  3.0

 

  4.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     55,109

 23.9

 

 22.4

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     13,239

  5.7

 

  5.8

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     19,261

  8.3

 

  7.4

 

6.2

 

Total

    230,886

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     49,907

 21.3

 

 18.5

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     10,767

  4.6

 

  6.3

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     82,039

 35.1

 

 36.8

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     45,395

 19.4

 

 19.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     17,091

  7.3

 

  6.9

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     28,603

 12.2

 

 11.6

 

10.9

 

Total

    233,802

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     13,781

 47.7

 

 54.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      5,730

 19.8

 

 13.8

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,396

  4.8

 

  9.5

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      3,351

 11.6

 

  9.9

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

        945

  3.3

 

  5.0

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      3,681

 12.7

 

  7.1

 

8.9

 

Total

     28,884

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

      7,045

 43.7

 

 41.8

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

        834

  5.2

 

 10.8

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      2,149

 13.3

 

 13.3

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      2,803

 17.4

 

 16.2

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

      1,125

  7.0

 

  5.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      2,149

 13.3

 

 13.0

 

8.7

 

Total

     16,105

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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