Market Barriers to the Development of Pharmacotherapies for the Treatment of Cocaine Abuse and Addiction: Final Report. Appendix C: Need For Substance Abuse Treatment

09/12/1997

Table: Need for Cocaine Treatment

Source Estimate
ABT ASSOCIATES (Rhodes et al., 1995)  
Hardcore (1993) 2,127,000
ABT ASSOCIATES (Rhodes et al., 1993)  
Total (1990) 2,036,000
At risk (not incarcerated) (1990) 1,561,000
Heavy users in prison and jail(1990) 214,000
Heavy users in high school (1990) ALIGN="RIGHT"> 24,000
High school age but incarcerated (1990) 10,000
Heavy users who are high school dropouts (1990) 7,000
Heavy users in college (1990) 15,000
Additional heavy users in household (1990) 205,000
RAND  
Heavy users (1992) 1,720,000
HOMER (1993)  
Past Month Total 1,872,000
Compulsive Prefer Crack (1990) 1,296,000
Compulsive Prefer Powder (1990) 576,000
SAMHSA (Office of Applied Studies, unpublished data, 1997)  
Past Year Cocaine Users in Need of Treatment (1995) 2,703,000
Level 1 (1995) 567,000
Level 2 (1995) 2,136,000
Committee on the Judiciary US Senate (1990)  
Total Unduplicated Hard-Core Cocaine Addicts 2,200,000
Arrested (1988) 1,530,000
Treated (1988) 200,000
Homeless (1988) 55,000
Household (1988) 862,000

Table: Need for Heroin Treatment

Source Estimate
ABT ASSOCIATES (Rhodes et al., 1995)  
Hard core (1993) 496,000
   
ABT ASSOCIATES (Rhodes et al., 1993)  
Total(1990) 665,000
At risk (not incarcerated) (1990) 510,000
Heavy users in prison and jail(1990) 142,000
Heavy users in high school(1990) 6,000
High school age but incarcerated(1990) 2,000
Heavy users who are high school dropouts(1990) 2,000
Heavy users in college(1990) 4,000
Additional heavy users in household(1990) 0
   
SAMHSA (OAS, 1996)  
Used at least once in lifetime (NHSDA, 1995) 2,400,000
Used at least once in lifetime (NHSDA, 1995) with Adjustments for Under-reporting and Under-coverage 2,900,000
Used at least once in past year (NHSDA, 1995) 428,000
Used at least once in past year (NHSDA, 1995) with Adjustments for Under-reporting and Under-coverage 541,000
   
Hamill and Cooley (1990)  
Number of heroin addicts(1987) 640,000 -1,065,000

Source: Providers, The National Specialty Substance Abuse Treatment System