The Low-Wage Labor Market: Challenges and Opportunities for Economic Self-Sufficiency. The Role of Job Turnover in the Low-Wage Labor Market . Footnotes

02/17/2000

1.  For a survey of job flows, see Davis and Haltiwanger (1998); the worker reallocation calculation is an average derived from different state level data (e.g., Anderson and Meyer 1994, Lane et al. 1996).

2.  Anderson and Meyer (1994).

3.  Farber (1998).

4.  Valletta (1997).

5.  Long and Martini (1991).

6.  Farber (1998).

7.  Jacobson et al. (1992).

8.  Huff Stevens (1997).

9.  Summers and Clark (1981) .

10.  Kremer (1993).

11.  Lindbeck and Snower (1988).

12.  Lane and Parkin (1998).

13.  Ryscavage (1997).

14.  Anderson and Meyer (1994).

15.  Lane, Stevens, and Burgess (1996) find a similar level for Maryland in the 1990s.

16.  Campbell (1997).

17.  Lane, Stevens, and Burgess (1996).

18.  Lawson and King (1997).

19.  Lane and Stevens (1997).

20.  Ryscavage (1997).

21.  Farber (1997a).

22.  Farber (1997b).

23.  Royalty (1996).

24.  Hall (1995).

25.  Lane, Isaac, and Stevens (1996).

26.  Topel and Ward (1992).

27.  Topel (1993).

28.  Farber (1997).

29.  Fallick (1996).

30.  Royalty (1996).

31.  Gibbons and Katz (1991).

32.  Farber (1997b), p. 119.

33.  Holzer (1996).

34.  Lynch (1991); Lynch and Black (1998).

35.  Frazis et al. (1998).

36.  Abraham and Houseman (1992), p. 132.

37.  Holzer (1996).

38.  Lane and Stevens (1995); Lane and Stevens (1997).

39.  Bartik (1997).