The Low-Wage Labor Market: Challenges and Opportunities for Economic Self-Sufficiency. Mismatch in the Low-Wage Labor Market: Job Hiring Perspective . References


Becker, Gary. 1971. The Economics of Discrimination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bendick, Marc, Charles Jackson, and Victor Reinoso. 1994. "Measuring Employment Discrimination through Controlled Experiments." Review of Black Political Economy 23.

Bishop, John. 1993. "Improving Job Matches in the U.S. Labor Market." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity — Microeconomics, 1.

Blank, Rebecca. 1995. "Outlook for the U.S. Labor Market and Prospects for Low-Wage Entry Jobs." In The Work Alternative: Welfare Reform and Realities in the Job Market edited by D. Nightingale and R. Haveman. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Bloch, Farrell. 1994. Antidiscrimination Law and Minority Employment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Browne, Irene, and Cynthia Hewitt. 1996. "Networks, Discrimination or Location?  Explaining Job Segregation among African-Americans." Emory University. Mimeo. Atlanta.

Burtless, Gary. 1995. "The Employment Prospects of Welfare Recipients." In The Work Alternative edited by D. Nightingale and R. Haveman.

Cutler, David, and Edward Glaeser. 1997. "Are Ghettoes Good or Bad?" Quarterly Journal of Economics (August).

Donohue, John, and Peter Siegelman. 1991. "The Changing Nature of Employment Discrimination Litigation." Stanford Law Review (May).

Falcon, Luis, and Edwin Melendez. 1997. "The Social Context of Job Searching for Racial Groups in Urban Centers." Northeastern University. Mimeo. Boston.

Farley, Reynolds, ed. 1995. State of the Union: Social Trends, vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Fix, Michael, and Raymond Struyk. 1994. Clear and Convincing Evidence. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Freeman, Richard. 1992. "Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youth." In Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunities edited by G. Peterson and W. Vroman. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Haar, Charles. 1996. Suburbs under Siege: Race, Space and Audacious Judges. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Holzer, Harry. 1986. "Reservation Wages and their Labor Market Effects for White and Black Youth." Journal of Human Resources (Spring).

Holzer, Harry. 1987a. "Hiring Procedures in the Firm: Their Determinants and Effects." In Human Resources and Firm Performance edited by M. Kleiner. Madison, Wis.: Industrial Relations Research Association.

------.1987b. "Informal Job Search and Black Youth Unemployment." American Economic Review (June).

------.1991. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: What Does the Evidence Show?" Urban Studies (February).

------.1996. What Employers Want: Job Prospects for Less Educated Workers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

------.1998. "Why Do Small Establishments Hire Fewer Blacks than Larger Ones?" Journal of Human Resources.

Holzer, Harry, and Sheldon Danziger. 1998. "Are Jobs Available for Disadvantaged Workers in Urban Areas?" Discussion Paper, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin.

Holzer, Harry, and Keith Ihlanfeldt. 1996. "Spatial Factors and the Employment of Blacks at the Firm Level." New England Economic Review (May/June).

------.1998. "Customer Discrimination and the Employment Outcomes of Minorities." Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Holzer, Harry, Keith Ihlanfeldt, and David Sjoquist. 1994. "Work, Search and Travel among White and Black Youth." Journal of Urban Economics (May).

Holzer, Harry, and Robert LaLonde. 1998. "Job Stability and Job Change among Less-Skilled Young Workers." Prepared for conference on Labor Market for Less-Skilled Workers, Joint Center for Poverty Research. Washington, D.C.

Holzer, Harry, and Wayne Vroman. 1992. "Mismatches and the Urban Labor Market." In George Peterson and Wayne Vroman, editors, Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunities. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Hughes, Mark, and Julie Sternberg. 1992. The New Metropolitan Reality: Where the Rubber Meets the Road in Antipoverty Policy. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Ihlanfeldt, Keith. 1996. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities." Journal of Urban Economics.

Ihlanfeldt, Keith. 1997. "Is the Labor Market Tighter Outside of the Ghetto?" Papers in Regional Science.

Jargowsky, Paul. 1997. Poverty and Place. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Juhn, Chinhui. 1992. "Decline of Male Labor Force Participation: The Role of Declining Market Opportunities." Quarterly Journal of Economics (February).

Kain, John. 1992. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis Three Decades Later." Housing Policy Debates, Vol. 3.

Kasarda, John. 1995. "Industrial Restructuring and the Changing Locations of Jobs." In State of the Union, Volume 1:  Economic Trends edited by R. Farley. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Katz, Lawrence, Jeffrey Kling, and Jeffrey Liebman. 1997. "Moving to Opportunity: Early Evidence on a Housing Relocation Program." Harvard University. Mimeo.

Kenney, Genevieve, and Douglas Wissoker. 1994. "An Analysis of the Correlates of Discrimination Facing Young Hispanic Job Seekers." American Economic Review (September).

Kirschenman, Joleen, and Kathryn Neckerman. 1991. "We'd Love to Hire Them But...." In The Urban Underclass edited by C. Jencks and P. Peterson. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Maynard, Rebecca. 1995. "Subsidized Employment and Non-Labor Market Alternatives for Welfare Recipients." In The Work Alternative edited by D. Nightingale and R. Haveman.

Melendez, Edwin. 1996. Working On Jobs: The Center for Employment and Training. Boston: Mauricio Gaston Institute.

Moss, Philip, and Chris Tilly. 1995. "Soft Skills and Race." Working Paper. Russell Sage Foundation.

Neal, Derek, and William Johnson. 1996. "The Role of Pre-Market Factors in Black-White Wage Differences." Journal of Political Economy (October).

O'Regan, Katherine, and John Quigley. 1996. "Spatial Effects upon Employment Outcomes: The Case of New Jersey Teenagers." New England Economic Review (May/June).

Papke, Leslie. 1992. "What Do We Know About Enterprise Zones?" National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper.

Pavetti, LaDonna. 1995. "Questions and Answers on Welfare Dynamics." Urban Institute Working Paper. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.

------.1997. "How Much More Can They Work?  Setting Realistic Expectations for Welfare Mothers." Urban Institute Working Paper, Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.

Raphael, Stephen. 1997. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis of Black Youth Unemployment: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area." Journal of Urban Economics.

Raphael, Stephen, Michael Stoll, and Harry Holzer. 1998. "Are Suburban Firms More Likely to Discriminate against African-Americans?" Discussion Paper, Institute for Research on Poverty. University of Wisconsin.

Rosenbaum, James, and Susan Popkin. 1991. "Employment and Earnings of Low-Income Blacks Who Move to Middle-Class Suburbs." In The Urban Underclass edited by C. Jencks and P. Peterson.

Stoll, Michael, Harry Holzer, and Keith Ihlanfeldt. 1998. "Within Cities and Suburbs: Residential Concentration and the Employment of Blacks and Latinos across Sub-Metropolitan Areas." University of California at Los Angeles. Mimeo.

Trejo, Stephen. 1997. "Relative Earnings of Whites and Mexican-Americans." Journal of Political Economy (December).

Wilson, William. 1987. The Truly Disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

------.1996. When Work Disappears. New York: Alfred Knopf.

Zemsky, Robert. 1997. "Skills and the Economy: An Employer Context for Understanding the School-to-Work Transition." In Transitions in Work and Learning: Implications for Assessment. Board on Testing and Assessment, National Research Council. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.