Low-Income and Low-Skilled Workers Involvement in Nonstandard Employment. A First Look at How Labor Market Outcomes Differ For Workers In Alternative Work Arrangements


No single definitive statement can summarize the impact of alternative work on employees. The impact depends on the factors mentioned above: the kind of work arrangement the worker is in, the reason the firm hired the worker, and the demographic characteristics of the worker. The type of work arrangement may also affect many elements of a worker's labor market experience including earnings, job tenure, health insurance coverage, and pension benefits. And, although it is natural to compare the outcomes of alternative work arrangements with those resulting from regular work, this may not be appropriate for some demographic groups such as those for whom the alternative may be nonemployment or welfare receipt. An argument can be made that people who would otherwise be on public assistance or receiving unemployment insurance are better off working in an alternative work arrangement.