The Long Term Impact of Adolescent Risky Behaviors and Family Environment. Appendix F: Regressions of Adult Outcomes on Adolescent Risky Behaviors and Other Independent Variables Among Early Initiators Living with Single Mothers at Age 14: Effects of Mothers' Education

08/01/2001

Summary Table

Mothers' Education By Risky Behavior

Health Outcomes Crime Economic Outcomes
Alcohol abuse or dependence Odds Ratios [P-value] Past-month drug use Odds Ratios [P-value] In jail by age 33 Odds Ratios [P-value] Ever in poverty ages 25-29 Odds Ratios [P-value] Years in poverty ages 25-29 Marginal Effects [P-value] Ever on welfare ages 21-33 Odds Ratios [P-value] Years on welfare ages 21-33 Marginal Effects [P-value] Percent Time Employed Marginal Effects [P-value] Age achieved job lasting 2 years Marginal Effects [P-value]

Early Initiators of Alcohol

Mother's Education Attainment

    N/A N/A N/A   N/A N/A N/A

High school dropout

1 1       1      

High school graduate

0.74 [0.29] 0.90 [0.72]       1.14 [0.77]      

Some college

0.42 [0.11] 1.78 [0.13]       2.49 [0.20]      

College graduate

0.86 [0.77] 1.28 [0.63]       2.78 [0.18]      

Early Initiators of Marijuana

Mother's Educational Attainment

      N/A          

High school dropout

1 1 1   0 1 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.81 [0.44] 0.99 [0.96] 1.40 [0.50]   0.050 [0.72] 1.17 [0.63] -0.285 [0.37] 0.030 [0.11] -1.686 [0.03]

Some college

0.33 [0.05] 1.95 [0.10] 1.32 [0.75]   -0.227 [0.35] 0.97 [0.95] -0.633 [0.23] 0.028 [0.31] -3.013 [0.01]

College graduate

0.69 [0.46] 1.09 [0.88] 0.99 [1.15]   -0.427 [0.14] 2.15 [0.18] -0.707 [0.20] 0.021 [0.49] -1.655 [0.19]

Early Initiators of Cocaine

Mother's Educational Attainment

N/A     N/A         N/A

High school dropout

  1 1 - 0 1 0 0  

High school graduate

  2.85 [0.09] 2.46 [0.31] - 0.306 [0.89] 0.47 [0.33] 0.120 [0.82] -0.019 [0.73] -

Some college

  2.40 [0.31] 0.85 [0.93] - 0.217 [0.76] 0.81 [0.88] -0.569 [0.63] -0.006 [0.95] -

College graduate

  2.26 [0.43] - - 0.384 [0.51] 1.82 [0.62] 0.090 [0.94] 0.013 [0.88] -

Early Initiators of Sex

Mother's Educational Attainment

                 

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.68 [0.12] 0.98 [0.93] 1.04 [0.90] 0.84 [0.51] -0.138 [0.22] 0.85 [0.40] -0.182 [0.44] 0.044 [0.06] -0.782 [0.17]

Some college

0.40 [0.05] 2.08 [0.07] 1.46 [0.49] 0.74 [0.51] -0.110 [0.59] 0.93 [0.83] -0.392 [0.34] 0.075 [0.05] -2.597 [0.01]

College graduate

0.36 [0.08] 1.53 [0.42] 1.33 [0.68] 1.17 [0.78] -0.347 [0.22] 1.47 [0.35] -0.255 [0.62] -0.055 [0.23] -1.035 [0.40]

Committed 9+ Crimes/Delinquencies in 1980

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.60 [0.32] 0.85 [0.56] 0.71 [0.58] 1.32 [0.50] -0.083 [0.71] 0.43 [0.06] -0.585 [0.11] 0.020 [0.56] -0.896 [0.16]

Some college

- 1.78 [0.13] - 0.54 [0.51] -0.292 [0.61] 0.75 [0.75] -1.399 [0.14] 0.119 [0.10] -2.183 [0.03]

College graduate

- 1.28 [0.61] - 0.82 [0.87] -0.388 [0.57] 1.26 [0.85] -0.440 [0.69] 0.063 [0.43] -2.256 [0.06]
Probabilities Of Marital and Fertility Outcomes From Multi-Logistic Regressions Among Early Sex Initiators Living With Single mothers at Age 14 by mother's Educational Attainment

Marital and Fertility Outcome at Age 33

Mother's Educational Attainment
High school dropout High school graduate Some college College and up

Never married without children

0.140 0.153 0.177 0.241

Never married with children

0.152 0.143 0.151 0.115

Married without children

0.053 0.096 0.115 0.131

Married with children

0.384 0.344 0.298 0.281

Married but divorced without children

0.082 0.058 0.083 -

Married but divorced with children

0.189 0.206 0.175 0.233
Probabilities Of Marital and Fertility Outcomes From Multi-Logistic Regressions Among Those Who Committed 9 or More Crimes/Delinquencies In 1980 Living With single mothers At Age 14 by Mother's Educational Attainment

Marital and Fertility Outcome at Age 33

Mother's Educational Attainment
High school dropout High school graduate Some college College and up

Never married without children

0.220 0.199 0.283 0.276

Never married with children

0.145 0.126 0.125 0.096

Married without children

0.080 0.127 0.155 0.125

Married with children

0.368 0.362 0.286 0.219

Married but divorced without children

0.044 0.024 0.066 -

Married but divorced with children

0.142 0.161 0.085 0.285
F1. Odds Ratios from Logistic Regressions of Alcohol Abuse or Dependence Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Adult Alcohol Abuse or Dependence
Early initiators of alcohol at ages 11-17 Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-19 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-19 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

559 586 915 128

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1 1

Else

- 0.52 [0.02] 0.49 [0.00] 0.39 [0.18]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

1 - 1 1

Else

0.48 [0.02] - 0.45 [0.00] 0.33 [0.12]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 1 1

Else

0.53 [0.29] 0.43 [0.13] 0.48 [0.18] 1.60 [0.71]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 - -

Else

0.79 [0.71] 0.89 [0.84] - -

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed more

1 1 1 -

Else

0.84 [0.54] 0.86 [0.58] 0.91 [0.72] -

Sex

       

Male

2.61 [0.00] 1.84 [0.01] 2.46 [0.00] 2.03 [0.01]

Female

1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1

Black

1.01 [0.98] 0.78 [0.39] 0.76 [0.29] 0.63 [0.47]

Hispanic

0.99 [0.98] 1.06 [0.85] 0.87 [0.66] 2.07 [0.23]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.57 [0.07] 0.70 [0.24] 0.69 [0.17] 0.78 [0.70]

Some college and up

0.51 [0.06] 0.64 [0.20] 0.65 [0.16] 1.54 [0.58]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.99 [0.98] 0.98 [0.46] 0.97 [0.33] 1.00 [1.00]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

1.65 [0.07] 0.98 [0.93] 1.33 [0.23] 1.99 [0.17]

No

1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout)

1 1 1 1

High school graduate)

0.74 [0.29] 0.81 [0.44] 0.68 [0.12] 0.60 [0.32]

Some college)

0.42 [0.11] 0.33 [0.05] 0.40 [0.05] -

College graduate)

0.86 [0.77] 0.69 [0.46] 0.36 [0.08] -
F2. Odds Ratios from Logistic Regressions of Past-month Drug Use Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Adult Drug Use
Early initiators of alcohol ages 11-19 Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-19 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-19 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17 Committed 1+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

789 572 117 725 655

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 - 1 1

Else

- 0.56 [0.17] - 0.54 [0.12] 0.66 [0.25]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

1 - 1 1 1

Else

0.46 [0.01] - 2.41 [0.31] 0.36 [0.00] 0.47 [0.01]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 - 1 1

Else

0.60 [0.08] 0.72 [0.28] - 0.79 [0.45] 0.68 [0.20]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 1 - 1

Else

0.68 [0.26] 0.55 [0.14] 1.35 [0.69] - 0.84 [0.60]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

1 1 1 1 -

Else

0.28 [0.00] 0.27 [0.00] 0.14 [0.02] 0.32 [0.00] -

Sex

Male

1.17 [0.53] 1.06 [0.82] 0.44 [0.19] 1.07 [0.79] 1.23 [0.41]

Female

1 1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1 1

Black

1.05 [0.87] 1.56 [0.16] 1.53 [0.53] 1.08 [0.79] 1.07 [0.83]

Hispanic

0.98 [0.95] 1.28 [0.52] 3.13 [0.09] 0.96 [0.92] 1.10 [0.79]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.51 [0.03] 0.48 [0.02] 0.32 [0.14] 0.43 [0.01] 0.49 [0.02]

Some college and up

0.41 [0.02] 0.39 [0.01] 0.28 [0.13] 0.35 [0.00] 0.45 [0.03]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

1.04 [0.24] 1.04 [0.23] 1.08 [0.28] 1.06 [0.01] 1.04 [0.24]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

1.02 [0.94] 1.06 [0.84] 0.71 [0.56] 1.03 [0.93] 1.11 [0.70]

No

1 1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.90 [0.72] 0.99 [0.96] 2.85 [0.09] 0.98 [0.93] 0.85 [0.56]

Some college

1.78 [0.13] 1.95 [0.10] 2.40 [0.31] 2.08 [0.07] 1.78 [0.13]

College graduate

1.28 [0.63] 1.09 [0.88] 2.26 [0.43] 1.53 [0.42] 1.28 [0.61]
F3. Odds Ratios from Logistic Regressions of Ever Being in Jail Among Early Initiators Living  With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

In Jail by Age 33
Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-15 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-15 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-19 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

270 62 743 116

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 1 1

Else

2.16 [0.13] 0.33 [0.19] 0.97 [0.93] 0.54 [0.34]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1 1

Else

- 1.01 [1.00] 0.73 [0.29] 0.65 [0.49]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

1 - 1 1

Else

0.21 [0.00] - 0.26 [0.00] 0.29 [0.14]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 - -

Else

0.65 [0.61] 0.26 [0.36] - -

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

1 1 1 -

Else

0.76 [0.61] 0.97 [0.97] 0.82 [0.54] -

Sex

Male

6.36 [0.00] 6.74 [0.10] 10.29 [0.00] 8.88 [0.05]

Female

1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1

Black

3.09 [0.06] 1.41 [0.73] 2.94 [0.01] 1.59 [0.52]

Hispanic

2.06 [0.31] 4.00 [0.19] 2.16 [0.12] 0.78 [0.78]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.28 [0.02] 2.00 [0.54] 0.54 [0.06] 0.77 [0.73]

Some college and up

0.24 [0.03] 3.27 [0.40] 0.21 [0.00] 0.25 [0.27]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.95 [0.03] 0.79 [0.04] 0.96 [0.30] 0.91 [0.25]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

0.58 [0.30] 0.43 [0.35] 1.08 [0.81] 0.40 [0.28]

No

1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1

High school graduate

1.40 [0.50] 2.46 [0.31] 1.04 [0.90] 0.71 [0.58]

Some college

1.32 [0.75] 0.85 [0.93] 1.46 [0.49] -

College graduate

0.99 [1.15] - 1.33 [0.68] -
F4.Odds Ratios from Logistic Regressions of Ever Being In Poverty Ages 25-29 Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14
Independent Variables Ever in Poverty Between Ages 25-29
Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-15 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-15 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

16 397 146

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1

Else

- 1.20 [0.46] 1.29 [0.58]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1

Else

- 1.02 [0.92] 1.83 [0.17]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1

Else

- 0.42 [0.36] 0.35 [0.38]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

  - 1

Else

- - 0.53 [0.17]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

- 1 -

Else

- 0.87 [0.61] -

Sex

Male

- 0.36 [0.00] 0.62 [0.28]

Female

- 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

- 1 1

Black

- 2.15 [0.02] 3.36 [0.02]

Hispanic

- 0.77 [0.54] 1.31 [0.64]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

- 1 1

High school graduate

- 0.29 [0.00] 0.42 [0.09]

Some college and up

- 0.15 [0.00] 0.38 [0.14]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

- 0.94 [0.03] 0.89 [0.03]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

- 1.12 [0.69] 1.01 [1.00]

No

- 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

- 1 1

High school graduate

- 0.84 [0.51] 1.32 [0.50]

Some college

- 0.74 [0.51] 0.54 [0.51]

College graduate

- 1.17 [0.78] 0.82 [0.87]
F5. Marginal Effects from Negative Binomial Regressions of Years Being in Poverty ages 25-29 Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Years in Poverty Between Ages 25-29
Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-17 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-17 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

465 65 733 142

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 0 0

Else

0.027 [0.83] 0.688 [0.07] 0.100 [0.31] 0.061 [0.80]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- 0 0 0

Else

- -1.803 [0.00] -0.023 [0.82] 0.304 [0.18]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

0 - 0 0

Else

-0.488 [0.01] - -0.317 [0.09] -0.893 [0.00]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 - 0

Else

-0.032 [0.85] -0.154 [0.75] - -0.365 [0.35]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed more

0 0 0 -

Else

0.186 [0.26] -0.476 [0.26] -0.070 [0.60] -

Sex

Male

-0.438 [0.00] -0.378 [0.32] -0.769 [0.00] -0.521 [0.07]

Female

0 0 0 0

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

0 0 0 0

Black

0.695 [0.00] 1.032 [0.10] 0.564 [0.00] 0.854 [0.01]

Hispanic

0.346 [0.12] 0.354 [0.54] 0.263 [0.20] 0.384 [0.40]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

-0.282 [0.07] -0.538 [0.21] -0.408 [0.00] -0.462 [0.08]

Some college and up

-0.521 [0.00] -0.514 [0.27] -0.817 [0.00] -0.391 [0.27]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

-0.022 [0.16] -0.028 [0.42] -0.036 [0.00] -0.053 [0.07]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

-0.050 [0.71] -0.288 [0.38] -0.054 [0.63] -0.250 [0.32]

No

0 0 0 0

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.050 [0.72] 0.306 [0.89] -0.138 [0.22] -0.083 [0.71]

Some college

-0.227 [0.35] 0.217 [0.76] -0.110 [0.59] -0.292 [0.61]

College graduate

-0.427 [0.14] 0.384 [0.51] -0.347 [0.22] -0.388 [0.57]
F6. Odds Ratios from Logistic Regressions of Ever Being on Welfare ages 21-33 Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Ever on Welfare Between Ages 21-33
Early initiators of alcohol at ages 11-15 Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-17 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-15 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

193 270 66 743 145

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

- 1 1 1 1

Else

- 1.60 [0.12] 0.95 [0.94] 1.07 [0.74] 2.51 [0.07]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

1 - 1 1 1

Else

2.06 [0.06] - 0.87 [0.85] 1.08 [0.70] 0.75 [0.54]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 - 1 1

Else

0.24 [0.01] 0.45[0.05] - 0.60 [0.12] 0.20 [0.03]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

1 1 1 - 1

Else

0.94 [0.91] 0.84 [0.64] 3.94 [0.19] - 1.35 [0.69]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

1 1 1 1 -

Else

2.35 [0.08] 1.04 [0.92] 1.46 [0.64] 1.04 [0.85] -

Sex

Male

0.36 [0.01] 0.37 [0.00] 0.66 [0.59] 0.19 [0.00] 0.23 [0.00]

Female

1 1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1 1

Black

6.70 [0.00] 3.47 [0.00] 5.69 [0.04] 3.73 [0.00] 5.43 [0.00]

Hispanic

4.01 [0.15] 2.41 [0.03] 1.45 [0.68] 2.58 [0.00] 2.58 [0.12]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.51 [0.17] 0.62 [0.20] 0.15 [0.65] 0.43 [0.00] 0.15 [0.00]

Some college and up

0.25 [0.02] 0.37 [0.02] 0.08 [0.06] 0.22 [0.00] 0.24 [0.06]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.80 [0.00] 0.95 [0.18] 0.84 [0.05] 0.95 [0.03] 0.85 [0.00]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

1.54 [0.29] 1.46 [0.22] 1.65 [0.51] 1.26 [0.26] 0.50 [0.18]

No

1 1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

1.14 [0.77] 1.17 [0.63] 0.47 [0.33] 0.85 [0.40] 0.43 [0.06]

Some college

2.49 [0.20] 0.97 [0.95] 0.81 [0.88] 0.93 [0.83] 0.75 [0.75]

College graduate

2.78 [0.18] 2.15 [0.18] 1.82 [0.62] 1.47 [0.35] 1.26 [0.85]
F7. Marginal Effects from Negative Binomial Regressions of Years Being on Welfare ages 21-33 Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Years on Welfare Between Ages 21-33
Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-17 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-17 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

471 66 743 145

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 0 0

Else

0.727 [0.02] 0.754 [0.09] 0.310 [0.23] 1.384 [0.00]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- 0 0 0

Else

- -0.916 [0.21] -0.396 [0.06] -0.579 [0.15]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

0 - 0 0

Else

-0.549 [0.19] - -0.056 [0.89] -1.309 [0.02]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 - 0

Else

-0.368 [0.31] 1.145 [0.15] - -0.090 [0.89]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

0 0 0 -

Else

0.020 [0.95] -0.049 [0.94] -0.192 [0.48] -

Sex

Male

-1.84 [0.00] -0.982 [0.17] -3.102 [0.00] -2.607 [0.00]

Female

0 0 0 0

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

0 0 0 0

Black

1.410 [0.00] 1.655 [0.10] 1.003 [0.00] 0.827 [0.13]

Hispanic

0.692 [0.18] 0.408 [0.63] 0.679 [0.11] 0.715 [0.34]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

-0.622 [0.08] -0.975 [0.11] -0.885 [0.00] -2.020 [0.00]

Some college and up

-1.205 [0.01] -2.083 [0.01] -1.744 [0.00] -2.250 [0.00]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

-0.104 [0.00] -0.171 [0.01] -0.089 [0.00] -0.119 [0.02]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

0.261 [0.38] -0.233 [0.68] 0.238 [0.31] -0.742 [0.07]

No

0 0 0 0

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

-0.285 [0.37] 0.120 [0.82] -0.182 [0.44] -0.585 [0.11]

Some college

-0.633 [0.23] -0.569 [0.63] -0.392 [0.34] -1.399 [0.14]

College graduate

-0.707 [0.20] 0.090 [0.94] -0.255 [0.62] -0.440 [0.69]
F8. Marginal effects from OLS Regressions of Percent Time Employed Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Percent Time Employed Since Leaving School
Early initiators 
of marijuana at ages 11-19
Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-17 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-15 Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

577 66 390 143

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 0 0

Else

0.024 [0.26] -0.085 [0.38] 0.045 [0.08] 0.020 [0.68]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- 0 0 0

Else

- 0.079 [0.38] 0.012 [0.58] 0.046 [0.23]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

0 - 0 0

Else

0.031 [0.28] - 0.002 [0.96] 0.031 [0.54]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

0 0 - 0

Else

0.012 [0.46] -0.032 [0.52] - 0.031 [0.37]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

0 0 0 -

Else

0.014 [0.48] 0.049 [0.40] 0.020 [0.42] -

Sex

Male

0.051 [0.00] 0.003 [0.95] 0.090 [0.00] 0.048 [0.18]

Female

0 0 0 0

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

0 0 0 0

Black

-0.121 [0.00] -0.145 [0.02] -0.105 [0.00] -0.169 [0.00]

Hispanic

-0.005 [0.84] -0.076 [0.26] -0.020 [0.58] -0.057 [0.20]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.069 [0.00] 0.165 [0.02] 0.061 [0.03] 0.121 [0.01]

Some college and up

0.115 [0.00] 0.176 [0.04] 0.115 [0.00] 0.104 [0.05]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.008 [0.00] 0.010 [0.95] 0.011 [0.00] 0.013 [0.00]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

-0.017 [0.33] 0.071 [0.19] 0.016 [0.51] 0.017 [0.65]

No

0 0 0 0

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 0 0 0

High school graduate

0.030 [0.11] -0.019 [0.73] 0.044 [0.06] 0.020 [0.56]

Some college

0.028 [0.31] -0.006 [0.95] 0.075 [0.05] 0.119 [0.10]

College graduate

0.021 [0.49] 0.013 [0.88] -0.055 [0.23] 0.063 [0.43]
F9. Marginal Effects from Weibull Regressions of Age when Reached 2 Years of Tenure Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Age Reached Two Years Job Tenure
Early initiators of marijuana at ages 11-17 Early initiators of cocaine at ages 11-15 Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17 Committed 1+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980

Number of observations

391 14 610 553

Age of alcohol initiation

Early Initiators

0 - 0 0

Else

0.915 [0.20] - 0.711 [0.18] 0.567 [0.32]

Age of marijuana initiation

Early Initiators

- - 0 0

Else

- - 0.311 [0.55] 0.691 [0.23]

Age of cocaine initiation

Early Initiators

0 - 0 0

Else

0.674 [0.71] - 1.958 [0.28] -0.878 [0.72]

Age of sex initiation

Early Initiators

0 - - 0

Else

0.414 [0.62] - - 0.182 [0.79]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

Committed 9+

0 - 0 -

Else

0.488 [0.51] - -0.369 [0.51] -

Sex

Male

0.159 [0.81] - -1.201 [0.03] -0.070 [0.91]

Female

0 - 0 0

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

0 - 0 0

Black

-0.096 [0.90] - -0.193 [0.77] -0.318 [0.64]

Hispanic

-0.786 [0.38] - -0.686 [0.39] -0.588 [0.48]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0   0 0

High school graduate

0.712 [0.44] - 0.278 [0.70] -0.526 [0.53]

Some college and up

1.051 [0.30] - -0.070 [0.93] -0.461 [0.61]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

-0.049 [0.58] - 0.010 [0.88] -0.008 [0.91]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

1.500 [0.04] - 1.095 [0.07] 0.936 [0.15]

No

0 - 0 0

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

0 - 0 0

High school graduate

-1.686 [0.03] - -0.782 [0.17] -0.896 [0.16]

Some college

-3.013 [0.01] - -2.597 [0.01] -2.183 [0.03]

College graduate

-1.655 [0.19] - -1.035 [0.40] -2.256 [0.06]
F10. Relative Risk Ratios from Multinomial logistic Regression of Adult Marital and Fertility Status at age 33 Among Early Initiators Living With Single Mothers At Age 14

Independent Variables

Adult Family Formation
Early initiators of sex at ages 11-17
Never married without children Never married with children Married without children Married but divorced without children Married but divorced with children

Number of observations=705

Age of alcohol initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

1.03 [0.91] 1.61 [0.13] 2.12 [0.12] 0.25 [0.04] 1.40 [0.29]

18-19

0.84 [0.65] 1.51 [0.25] 1.61 [0.41] 0.74 [0.64] 0.89 [0.76]

not by 19

0.78 [0.56] 1.16 [0.70] 1.30 [0.67] 0.09 [0.04] 1.55 [0.24]

Age of marijuana initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

1.02 [0.96] 0.75 [0.36] 0.68 [0.45] 0.94 [0.92] 0.65 [0.19]

18-19

1.38 [0.46] 0.82 [0.63] 1.05 [0.94] 0.67 [0.65] 0.53 [0.18]

not by 19

1.07 [0.84] 0.70 [0.22] 1.42 [0.43] 0.54 [0.36] 0.93 [0.81]

Age of cocaine initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

0.48 [0.43] 2.53 [0.50] - - 1.02 [0.98]

18-19

0.09 [0.01] 2.04 [0.60] 0.33 [0.42] 0.37 [0.51] 0.34 [0.31]

not by 19

0.23 [0.08] 1.95 [0.61] 0.46 [0.55] 0.92 [0.95] 0.91 [0.92]

Number of crimes/delinquencies (1980)

9+

1 1 1 1 1

3-8

0.74 [0.42] 0.61 [0.15] 0.94 [0.89] 1.04 [0.96] 0.91 [0.80]

1-2

1.03 [0.93] 0.73 [0.36] 0.73 [0.55] 0.39 [0.28] 1.09 [0.82]

0

0.47 [0.06] 0.55 [0.09] 0.29 [0.03] 0.96 [0.96] 0.67 [0.30]

Sex

Male

3.46 [0.00] 0.66 [0.07] 2.24 [0.04] 0.54 [0.24] 0.78 [0.32]

Female

1 1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1 1

Black

1.01 [0.96] 6.15 [0.00] 0.70 [0.38] 0.27 [0.02] 0.73 [0.29]

Hispanic

0.64 [0.27] 1.67 [0.26] 0.40 [0.12] 0.27 [0.07] 0.79 [0.52]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.97 [0.94] 0.62 [0.09] 1.47 [0.53] 1.15 [0.86] 1.10 [0.77]

Some college and up

1.39 [0.40] 0.41 [0.01] 2.68 [0.11] 4.71 [0.05] 1.01 [0.97]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.97 [0.43] 0.94 [0.04] 0.97 [0.47] 0.93 [0.29] 0.95 [0.09]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

0.59 [0.09] 0.73 [0.24] 0.90 [0.79] 0.83 [0.73] 1.17 [0.56]

No

1 1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

1.27 [0.41] 1.05 [0.86] 2.11 [0.06] 0.74 [0.60] 1.23 [0.45]

Some college

1.74 [0.23] 1.27 [0.59] 3.02 [0.06] 1.31 [0.74] 1.19 [0.70]

College graduate

2.68 [0.06] 1.03 [0.97] 3.81 [0.06] - 1.73 [0.33]

Independent Variables

Adult Family Formation
Committed 9+ crimes/delinquencies in 1980
Never married without children Never married with children Married without children Married but divorced without children Married but divorced with children

Number of observations = 639

Age of alcohol initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

0.83 [0.55] 1.50 [0.25] 2.50 [0.07] 0.26 [0.07] 1.21 [0.58]

18-19

0.52 [0.07] 1.09 [0.83] 1.56 [0.43] 0.77 [0.69] 0.74 [0.46]

not by 19

0.37 [0.02] 1.02 [0.96] 1.65 [0.41] - 1.05 [0.91]

Age of marijuana initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

1.09 [0.80] 0.68 [0.27] 0.59 [0.28] 1.23 [0.77] 0.63 [0.21]

18-19

1.27 [0.56] 0.64 [0.31] 0.80 [0.70] 0.88 [0.89] 0.81 [0.64]

not by 19

1.25 [0.51] 1.04 [0.90] 1.13 [0.77] 0.52 [0.45] 1.17 [0.65]

Age of cocaine initiation

11-15

1 - 1 1 -

16-17

1.21 [0.87] - - - -

18-19

0.22 [0.18] - 0.27 [0.37] - -

not by 19

0.49 [0.50] - 0.31 [0.41] 0.12 [0.13] -

Age of sex initiation

11-15

1 1 1 1 1

16-17

1.23 [0.49] 0.63 [0.10] 1.52 [0.29] 1.08 [0.90] 0.91 [0.74]

18-19

1.06 [0.88] 0.44 [0.03] 1.12 [0.82] 0.48 [0.44] 0.40 [0.03]

not by 19

2.42 [0.07] 0.33 [0.07] 1.80 [0.38] 0.48 [0.55] 0.41 [0.13]

Sex

Male

1.93 [0.02] 0.43 [0.00] 2.04 [0.06] 0.47 [0.20] 0.66 [0.14]

Female

1 1 1 1 1

Race/Ethnicity

         

Non-black non-Hispanic

1 1 1 1 1

Black

0.94 [0.85] 6.10 [0.00] 1.05 [0.90] 0.38 [0.15] 0.93 [0.82]

Hispanic

0.87 [0.71] 2.29 [0.09] 0.55 [0.29] 0.36 [0.19] 0.74 [0.47]

Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.85 [0.66] 0.73 [0.34] 1.73 [0.42] 4.10 [0.25] 1.04 [0.91]

Some college and up

1.19 [0.66] 0.32 [0.00] 3.97 [0.04] 8.40 [0.09] 0.74 [0.47]

Rosenberg self-esteem scale

0.98 [0.52] 0.94 [0.04] 0.98 [0.05] 0.90 [0.16] 0.95 [0.12]

Parent with alcohol problem

Yes

0.55 [0.04] 0.62 [0.11] 0.52 [0.10] 0.83 [0.76] 0.97 [0.91]

No

1 1 1 1 1

Mother's Educational Attainment

High school dropout

1 1 1 1 1

High school graduate

0.92 [0.78] 0.87 [0.62] 1.68 [0.18] 0.51 [0.33] 1.15 [0.64]

Some college

1.75 [0.21] 1.02 [0.97] 2.72 [0.07] 2.06 [0.37] 0.73 [0.61]

College graduate

2.21 [0.13] 1.09 [0.90] 2.78 [0.13] - 3.51 [0.02]