Literature Review: Developing a Conceptual Framework to Assess the Sustainability of Community Coalitions Post-Federal Funding. Chapter Two: An Overview of Community Coalitions


Community coalitions bring together community groups, grassroots organizations, faith-based groups, universities, government agencies, and other organizations. The activities of community coalitions are as diverse as their memberships, including advocacy, outreach, education, assistance, prevention, service delivery, capacity building, empowerment, community action, and systems change. 

Chapter Two discusses the core functions of community coalitions and explains why coalitions are different from other organizations and entities. This chapter also explores two prominent theories of community coalitions that describe the different factors that can affect coalition formation and functionality. Finally, the chapter concludes with an overview of several coalition characteristics that were identified in the theories of community coalitions and the literature, and with a discussion of why each of these characteristics can impact coalition effectiveness.

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