Literature Review: Developing a Conceptual Framework to Assess the Sustainability of Community Coalitions Post-Federal Funding. Chapter Three: Assessing the Impacts of Community Coalitions

01/07/2011

Over the last decade, community coalitions have emerged as a popular vehicle for addressing community health issues (Butterfoss, 2007). Significant professional interest and resources have been invested in assessing best practices for the development and implementation of community coalitions. However, much less is known about the outcomes and impacts of community coalitions on the communities they serve. Few systematic studies have been conducted to examine trends in community coalition outcomes and impacts (Berkowitz, 2001; Cramer, Mueller, & Harrop, 2003; Payne, 1999). Yet, the ability of community coalitions to evaluate their activities and impacts is an important factor for coalition sustainability.

This chapter synthesizes the literature on evaluating the outcomes and impacts of community coalitions. It begins with an overview of the literature that discusses the challenges associated with assessment of the impacts of community coalitions, and includes approaches that have the potential to guide a more systematic and standardized evaluation process for community coalitions. The final section provides case studies of several community coalition evaluations chosen to demonstrate how community coalitions can impact communities.

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