Literature Review: Developing a Conceptual Framework to Assess the Sustainability of Community Coalitions Post-Federal Funding. C. Measures for Assessing the Sustainability of the HCAP Community Coalitions

01/07/2011

Building from the sustainability decision trees (Exhibits 5.1 and 5.2 and the detailed conceptual framework (Exhibit 5.3), there are several measures that can be used to assess the sustainability of community coalitions. Four possible measures are described below.

Measure 1: Sustainability of the Community Coalition

A: Sustained (an alliance of three or more organizations that is addressing one or more of the original goals of the initially federally funded coalition)

B: Fully sustained (an alliance of three or more organizations that is addressing all of the original goals of the initially federally funded coalition)

C: Partially sustained (an alliance of three or more organizations that is not addressing all of the original goals of the initially federally funded coalition)

D: Not sustained (coalition is no longer in operation)

Measure 2: Expansion of the Community Coalition

A: Expanded (coalition is addressing one or more of the coalition’s original goals, and is also addressing new goals)

B:Not expanded (coalition is addressing one or more of the original goals, but is not addressing new goals)

Measure 3: Partial Sustainability and Expansion of the Community Coalition

A: Partially sustained and expanded coalition (the coalition is addressing a new goal(s) in addition to at least one of its original goals)

Measure 4: Sustainability of the Community Coalition’s Original Activities

A: All of the coalition’s original activities were sustained (all of the coalition’s original activities that were conducted while the coalition was initially federally funded have been sustained)

B:Some of the coalition’s original activities were sustained (some of the coalition’s original activities that were conducted while the coalition was initially federally funded have been sustained)

C:None of the coalition’s original activities were sustained (none of the coalition’s original activities that were conducted while the coalition was initially federally funded have been sustained)

D:New activities are conducted by the coalition (the coalition is conducting new activities, regardless of whether the original activities have been sustained)

Chapter Five provided a definition of sustainability in community coalitions and a conceptual model that can be used to assess the sustainability of community coalitions. At the most basic level, the model shows that a community coalition is either sustained or not sustained post initial federal funding. The coalition may have been sustained to different degrees (e.g., partially sustained, expanded). Additionally, regardless of whether the coalition itself has been sustained, some, all, or none of its activities may continue in the community. Thus, this model explores the sustainability of the coalition independently from the sustainability of its activities. Key components of the conceptual model include the coalition’s enabling characteristics, sustainability actions, intermediate outcomes, and long-term outcomes. This chapter also provided four measures that can be used to assess the sustainability of community coalitions. Chapter Six provides a conclusion of the findings from the literature and offers pragmatic and policy implications from the conceptual model.

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