The purpose of this literature review is to summarize and synthesize the existing literature on this topic in order to identify how researchers, policymakers, and practitioners have defined and measured sustainability for community coalitions. This report is part of a larger study that is funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). As a component of the ASPE study, this literature review explores the constructs of community coalitions, their impacts, and sustainability, focusing on the intersection of literature on sustainability and community coalitions. Key research questions addressed in the literature review include:
- What are the current theories, research, and best practices of community coalitions identified in the literature?
- What are the impacts of community coalitions identified in the literature?
- How is sustainability defined, measured, and evaluated in the literature?
In addition, this literature review will serve as the foundation for developing a framework that may be used to assess the sustainability of community coalitions in the future. The conceptual framework will guide the ASPE study, which uses the experiences of the community coalitions funded by the Community Access Program (CAP)/Healthy Communities Access Program (HCAP) to explore sustainability.