Leavers, Stayers, and Cyclers An Analysis of the Welfare Caseload. Appendix A

11/01/2002

Table A1
Stayers and Leavers: 
Demographic Characteristics and Barriers to Employment
 
Characteristics Stayers Leavers
Difference between Stayers and Leavers
Demographics
Age (%) 
Younger than 25 19.8 20.4 -0.6
25-35 49.7 49.1 0.6
Older than 35 30.5 30.5 0.0
Education (%)
Less than 12 years 56.0 47.7 8.3
High school graduate 44.0 52.3 -8.3
Number of children (%)
None or one 32.6 42.3 -9.7
Two or more 67.4 57.7 9.7
Age of youngest child (%)
Younger than 6 65.6 55.6 10.0
15 or older 0.3 6.6 -6.3
Race / Ethnicity (%)
Black 44.1 38.4 5.7
Hispanic 20.2 14.6 5.6
White 35.7 47.1 -11.4
Marital status (%)
Never married 53.2 43.4 9.8
Other 46.8 56.6 -9.8
Housing status (%)
Public or subsidized 26.4 20.3 6.1
Private or other 73.6 79.7 -6.1
Employment
Could not work at random assignment due to:
Child care problems 71.3 58.2 13.1
Transportation problems 46.7 37.6 9.1
Health or emotional problems 33.4 23.0 10.4
Did not work in year prior to random assignment
67.0 49.6 17.4
Number of Potential Barriers to Employment
0 or 1 6.1 13.4 -7.3
2 or 3 26.1 40.5 -14.4
4 25.0 21.2 3.8
5 or more 42.8 24.9 17.9
Sample size 6.839 29.610  
SOURCE:   MDRC calculations from administrative records, Baseline Information Forms and Private Opinion Surveys from the evaluations listed in Table 1.
NOTES:  The analysis is restricted to the individuals in the Program Group.
                The data are weighted to reflect the size of the welfare caseload in each state.
 
Table A2
Stayers and Leavers:
Household Income and Material Hardship
 
Characteristics Stayers Leavers
Difference between Stayers and Leavers
Income and Poverty in the Month Before the Survey
Total Income ($) 1.252 1.449 -197
Poverty status (%)
Income below poverty
62.6 45.6 17.0
Income below 50% of poverty
6.2 11.0 -4.8
Household income sources (%)
AFDC/TANF 95.3 41.8 53.5
Food Stamps 92.8 57.2 35.6
Child support 10.0 17.1 -7.1
Other income 37.2 33.2 4.0
Respondent's earnings 24.0 53.6 -29.6
Other household earnings 16.0 29.1 -13.1
Household composition (%)
Currently married 4.5 7.9 -3.4
Not married, but other adults in household 12.2 18.1 -5.9
Material Hardship
Material hardship in prior year (%)
Did not pay full amount of rent/mortgage
24.9 32.2 -7.3
Evicted for not paying rent/mortgage
5.0 6.6 -1.6
Did not pay full amount for utilities
49.0 38.8 10.2
Utilities shut off
11.8 15.3 -3.5
Telephone shut off
27.4 31.4 -4.0
Could not see doctor 7.0 22.8 -15.8
Could not see dentist 11.8 32.2 -20.4
Number of hardships 1.4 1.8 -0.4
Food insufficient in prior month (%) 16.4 14.1 2.3
Sample size 1.949 6.528  
 
SOURCE:  MDRC calculations from survey data from the evaluations listed in Table 1.  
NOTES:  This analysis is restricted to the individuals in the Program Group.
                The data are weighted to reflect the size of the welfare caseload in each state.

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