La Ley del Cuidado de Salud a Bajo Precio y Los Latinos. Notas

04/01/2012

[1] “Health disparities: A case for closing the gap.” Office of Health Reform, Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. (Consultado en http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/healthdisparities/).

[2] Russell, L. M. (2011). “Reducing disparities in life expectancy: What factors matter?” The Institute of Medicine. (Consultado en http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/SelectPops/HealthDisparities/2011-FEB-24/Commissioned%20Paper%20by%20Lesley%20Russell.pdf).

[3] “Overview of the Uninsured in the United States: A Summary of the 2011 Current Population Survey.” Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011. (Consultado en http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2011/CPSHealthIns2011/ib.shtml).

[4] Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, y Jessica C. Smith, U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-239, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011. P. 26. (Consultado en http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/p60-239.pdf).

[5] Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148) and Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-152).

[6] Estimaciones proporcionadas a la Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation bajo el contrato HHSP23320095649WC. Información sobre el modelo RAND COMPARE disponible en http://www.rand.org/health/projects/compare.html.

[7] Sección 2001. Sección 2002 establece un desprecio de ingresos del 5 por ciento de las pautas federales de pobreza, elevarndo el límite de ingresos efectivamente a 138 por ciento ($31,809 para una familia de cuatro).

[8] Sección 1401.

[9] Sección 1001.

[10] Benjamin D. Sommers y Karyn Schwartz, “2.5 million young adults gain health insurance due to the Affordable Care Act.” Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Department of Health and Human Services, 2011. (Consultado en http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2011/YoungAdultsACA/ib.shtml). La estimación se basa en los datos de National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) junio de 2011.

[11] “New Report Shows Affordable Care Act Has Expanded Insurance Coverage Among Young Adults of All Races and Ethnicities.” Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Department of Health and Human Services, 2011. (Consultado en http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2012/YoungAdultsbyGroup/ib.shtml).

[12] “Health disparities: A case for closing the gap.” Office of Health Reform, Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. (Consultado en http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/healthdisparities/).

[13] National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Diagnosed Diabetes” (Consultado en http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/statistics/#Racial, 2 de febrero 2012).

[14] Sección 1001. La información sobre los servicios preventivos que están cubiertos se encuentra disponible en http://www.healthcare.gov/news/factsheets/2010/07/preventive-services-list.html. Algunos planes designados como "grandfathered" no están sujetos a esta disposición.

[15] “Health disparities: A case for closing the gap.” Office of Health Reform, Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. (Consultado en http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/healthdisparities/). [16] CDC Slide Set: HIV Surveillance by Race/ Ethnicity through 2010 (March 2012). (Consultado en http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/slides/race-ethnicity/slides/2010-HIV-RaceEthnicitySlides.pdf).

[17] Benjamin D. Sommers y Lee Wilson, “Fifty-four million additional Americans are receiving preventive services without cost-sharing.” Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Department of Health and Human Services, 2011. (Consultado en http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2012/PreventiveServices/ib.shtml).

[18] Las disposiciones de servicios preventivos de Medicare están en la Sección 4104. Los datos de Medicare de inscripción son del 2009 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. La lista completa de los beneficios cubiertos sin costo compartido está disponible en “The Affordable Care Act: Strengthening Medicare in 2011,” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Consultado en http://www.cms.gov/apps/files/MedicareReport2011.pdf).

[19] “HHS action plan to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities.” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011. (Consultado en http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/files/Plans/HHS/HHS_Plan_complete.pdf).

[20] Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, “Disparities in health care quality among racial and ethnic minorities: Selected findings from the 2010 national healthcare quality and disparities reports.” (Consultado en http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhqrdr10/nhqrdrminority10.pdf).

[21] Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, “2008 National Healthcare Disparities Report,” (Consultado en http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhdr10/Chap10.htm#racial).

[22] “Health disparities: A case for closing the gap.” Office of Health Reform, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. (Consultado en http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/healthdisparities/).

[23] Innovation Center, Health Care Innovation Challenge Funding Opportunity Number: CMS-1C1-12-001, CFDA: 93.610, (Consultado en http://www.innovations.cms.gov/Files/x/Health-Care-Innovation-Challenge-Funding-Opportunity-Announcement.pdf).

[24] Hemos calculado la estimación al multiplicar los 30.8 millones de latinos de la edad de 20 años y más en marzo 2011 de Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS-ASEC), para el año de calendario de 2010 por 14 por ciento que es la tasa de prevalencia de 2005 in Mead, H., Cartwright-Smith, L., Jones, K., Ramos, C., Siegel, B., Woods, K. (2008). “Racial and ethnic disparities in U.S. healthcare: A chartbook.” The Commonwealth Fund. (Consultado en http://www.commonwealthfund.org/usr_doc/Mead_racialethnicdisparities_chartbook_1111.pdf).

[25] “The Affordable Care Act helps Latinos.” The White House, 2012. (Consultado en http://www.whitehouse.gov/system/files/docs/the_aca_helps_latinos_fact_sheet_0.pdf ).

[26] Las secciones pertinentes incluyen 5207, 10503, y10908.

[27] Los números de National Health Service Corps del Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Clinician Recruitment and Service, 30 de marzo 2012; las estimaciones de disponibilidad de medicos de Association of American Medical Colleges, Diversity in the Physician Workforce: Facts & Figures 2010 (Consultado en http://www.brynmawr.edu/healthpro/documents/AAMC_DiversityPhysicianWorkforce.pdf).

[28] Por ejemplo, la Sección 5402 establece los reembolsos de préstamos y asistencia educativa para los profesionales de la salud con grupos desfavorecidos y la provisión de capacitación en competencia cultural es un criterio prioritario para el apoyo y el desarrollo de programas de atención primaria de formación bajo la Sección 5301.

[29] Secciones 4302, 6301, 10334.

[30] Más información sobre las normas étnicas de HHS está disponible en los siguientes sitios:
http://aspe.hhs.gov/datacncl/standards/ACA/4302/index.shtml.
http://www.minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlid=208.

[31] Más información sobre el Plan de Acción contra las disparidades está disponible aqui: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/templates/content.aspx?lvl=1&lvlid=33&ID=285.

[32] Más información sobre el programa de transformación de comunidades está disponible aqui: http://www.cdc.gov/communitytransformation/.

[33] Sección 10334.

[34] Sección 6301.

[35] HHS Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, Medicaid in the Territories—Current Law Including those in Health Reform, February 22, 2011. (Consultado en http://www.doi.gov/oia/Firstpginfo/igiaPDF/14.Medicaid_in_the_Territories-HHS.pdf). Estos cambios son de la Sección 2005.

[36] Sección 1323.

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