From the Forum discussions, several important implementation-related themes emerged that may guide the EBP field as it continues to evolve. These themes form the basis for the next three papers in this series.
Identifying Core Components - In the brief, Core Intervention Components: Identifying and Operationalizing What Makes Programs Work, Karen Blase and Dean Fixsen focus on determining the â€œcore componentsâ€ of evidence-based and evidence-informed interventions that are critical to producing positive outcomes. The brief defines â€œcore componentâ€, discusses the processes for identifying and validating them as well as the reasons for operationalizing and testing them. The brief also explores implications for selecting and implementing programs and for grant making, funding, research, and evaluation.
The Importance of Program Implementation - Program implementation is critical for obtaining intended outcomes and thus is relevant for practitioners, researchers, and policy makers. The brief, The Importance of Implementation for Research, Practice and Policy, by Joseph A. Durlak, reviews program implementation approaches and how to evaluate them effectively. Durlak defines program implementation and discusses why it is important, what factors affect implementation, who has responsibility for implementation, and how implementation should be addressed by summarizing the steps involved in the implementation process. He explores ways to adapt evidence-based programs and concludes with practical lessons that have been learned about implementation through systematic research and practice. The terms program and intervention are used interchangeably to refer to a planned set of activities that are being introduced into a new setting to assist youth and their families in various ways.
Using Evidence to Inform Development of New Interventions - In the third brief in the series, Best Intentions are not Enough: A Systematic Approach to Developing New Evidence-Informed Prevention Programs, Dennis Embry , Mark Lipsey, Kristen Moore, and Diana McCallum discuss methods for using evidence to address social or behavior problems. Specifically, Embry describes how to identify and use evidence to inform development, adaptation, and innovation. The brief also draws on Mark Lipsey's presentation at the Forum, where he detailed methods for how to use syntheses of research to develop â€œevidence-informedâ€ interventions.