This report is organized around the three sets of objectives of the LBP Study and their associated research methodologies. The next chapter is an overview of welfare reform in Iowa, giving special attention to the LBP and PROMISE JOBS. It provides the programmatic context necessary to understand the findings from the three component analyses. Chapter III describes the characteristics of LBP cases and their flow through the program. This description is based on analyses of DHS program data. Chapter IV introduces the LBP Survey of 137 families whose cash assistance had ended in their seventh month on the LBP. Chapters V and VI present findings from descriptive empirical analyses of the survey data. The former describes the status of LBP cases before and after their cash assistance ended; the latter describes their programmatic experiences while on FIP and the LBP. Chapter VII gives the personal stories of a small number of families who were assigned to the LBP, describing their efforts to adapt to life without cash assistance. Chapter VIII summarizes the findings from the LBP Study and presents the conclusions that we have drawn from them.
1. As we discuss in more detail below, welfare recipients who are capable of working are required to develop plans for achieving self-sufficiency, including a date by which they will meet this goal; however, this date can be amended if life circumstances change.
2. As of November 1, 1996, this exemption was changed to a child under 3 months of age.
3. Because the LBP has major implications for the FIP case to which an assigned individual belongs, this report uses the phrase assigned to the LBP to refer to either an individual or the FIP case to which that individual belongs.