Iowa's Limited Benefit Plan. D. Employment

05/01/1997

The employment experience of LBP participants after the termination of benefits was analyzed in terms of the number of jobs held and job characteristics, such as hours worked and fringe benefits. Table V.8 documents the total number of jobs held during this period. Just under half (47 percent) of the survey respondents were not employed in any job since the last month of cash benefits (LBP month 6). Approximately 40 percent of respondents were employed in one job since the last month of cash benefits, and approximately 11 percent were employed in a total of two jobs during this period.(2)

Table V.7
Table V.8

Table V.9 focuses on the characteristics of the most recent job held by survey respondents who were employed since the last month of cash benefits. There is evidence of both full-time and part-time employment. Approximately one-fourth of those who were employed reported working less than 20 hours per week on the most recent job, while about 38 percent reported working 40 or more hours per week. On average, respondents worked 31 hours per week on the most recent job and earned $170 per week on that job. With respect to fringe benefits, 36 percent of those who were employed reported that health insurance was available on their most recent job, but only 11 percent actually received health insurance from their employer. Of those who had health insurance available but did not actually receive it, about two out of five did not enroll in the plan due to its cost. Paid sick leave and paid vacation were each available on about 30 percent of the most recent jobs held by survey respondents since the last month of cash benefits.