Inventory of Health Care Information Standards. Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12, Health Care Task Group

01/01/1997

The main objective of ASC X12 is to develop standards to facilitate electronic interchange relating to such business transactions as order placement and processing, shipping and receiving, invoicing, payment, cash application data, insurance transactions, and other data associated with the provision of products and services. The aim of ASC X12 is to structure standards so that computer programs can translate data to and from internal formats without extensive reprogramming. In this way, by using internally developed or commercially available software and private or public-access communication networks, ASC X12 believes that all sizes of firms and institutions using intelligent computational devices can benefit from the use of the standard. The efficiencies of standard interchange format can minimize the difficulties and expenses that could be incurred if each institution were to impose its own formats on every institution with which it does business. In ASC X12, the various subcommittees develop new standards that become recommendations for the full ASC X12 membership. The full ASC X12 membership must go through a consensus process before a proposed standard (or any change to a standard) is published as a Draft Standard for Trial Use. After a reasonable trial period, these standards are submitted to ANSI to start the process of consensus approval and registration.

ASC X12 has eleven Subcommittees including ASC X12N - Insurance. The ASC X12 subcommittees have maintained liaison with and obtained membership from a broad spectrum of businesses, government agencies, and institutions throughout the world. Communication is maintained with many organizations having experience in similar activities. A list of those participating in the development of the standards may be secured by contacting the Data Interchange Standards Association (DISA), Secretariat to ASC X12.

ANSI Accreditation: X12 was accredited as an ANSI accredited standards committee in 1979. Subsequent X12 procedure changes have required ANSI re-accreditation which was last granted in 1987.

The main objective of ASC X12 is to develop Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards to facilitate electronic business transactions (i.e. order placement and processing, shipping and receiving, invoicing, payment, cash application data, insurance transactions). ASC X12 endeavors to structure standards in a manner that computer programs can translate data to and from internal formats without extensive reprogramming.

This strategy allows companies to maximize their resources required for internally developed or commercial software (recommended) and private or public-access communication networks. ASC X12 believes that all sizes of companies using intelligent computational devices can benefit from the use of the standard. The efficiencies of standard interchange format can minimize the difficulties incurred from each organization using its own formats to transact business. Within ASC X12, the various subcommittees are responsible for developing standards in their area of expertise. Once a subcommittee has developed a draft standard the full ASC X12 membership reviews and approves it according to the operating policies and procedures. All standards (new or changed) require the consensus approval of the full ASC X12 membership. The approved standard becomes a draft standard for trial use for a reasonable trial period. After the trial period the draft standards are submitted to ANSI to become an American National Standard (ANS).