Interim Status Report on Research on the Outcomes of Welfare Reform. Trends in the Demand for Assistance Services


People being removed from public assistance who have not found jobs or achieved self­sufficiency may become clients of emergency services such as soup kitchens and homeless shelters.  In some cities, there are well­developed networks of private human services providers that collect data about their clients.  A case study of demand for private emergency services in such a city or cities could directly address the question of what is happening to non­governmental human services providers and indirectly address the question of what is happening to former, current, and potential welfare recipients who may be among the clients of emergency services.  By examining policy changes and economic factors along with changes in the demand for other providers of human services, it will be possible to determine if any cost shifting is taking place from government to these other providers.