Interim Status Report on Research on the Outcomes of Welfare Reform. Research Uses of Emergency TANF Data Report

06/01/1999

ASPE anticipates undertaking three related projects using the newly available source of welfare reform data collected through the Emergency TANF Data Report (ETDR):  (1) working with the Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, to improve the collection, storage, and release of these data; (2) doing cross­sectional analyses using all data from all states; and (3) assessing the feasibility of creating a longitudinal database using data from individual states.  The first step would be to resolve the technical issues associated with cheaply storing and transferring the large amounts of data required for a comparative analysis of AFDC and TANF and then building an archive of TANF data for researchers.  Second, cross­sectional analyses would compare AFDC and TANF using a “before vs after” welfare reform notion, analyzing similarities and differences in the caseloads.  Finally, a single state with good data would be selected to explore the research potential of developing a longitudinal data set, preferably combined with additional linked data sets for more in­depth analyses.  Longitudinal analyses in this early phase of administrative data reporting would focus on short­term outcomes, including changes in work participation, child care use, Medicaid, and household composition (especially to child­only cases and conversion of two­parent to one­parent cases).  If successful, this feasibility work will lay the groundwork for more extensive creation of state longitudinal databases.