ASPE plans to issue a Request for Proposals (RFP) to solicit researcherinitiated proposals to study important questions related to the outcomes of welfare reform. Issues to be studied could include: entry effects, diversion programs, and access to other support benefits (e.g., food stamps and Medicaid). While participation in incometested programs is declining, need appears to remain strong. Some have argued that participation is down because of time limits, work requirements or increased stigma. This set of research would explore the reasons families with children are not applying or re-applying for assistance in time of need. George Washington University/Urban Institute researchers recently reported in “Diversion as a WorkOriented Welfare Reform Strategy and its Effect on Access to Medicaid” that the implementation of aggressive state welfare reform efforts can lead to decreased access to other public benefits such as Medicaid. ASPE wants to stimulate further research on what happens to cases that are diverted or otherwise do not participate.