Interim Status Report on Research on the Outcomes of Welfare Reform. Barriers to Self­Sufficiency


All grantees proposed to examine barriers to self­sufficiency.  Primarily through survey questions, grantees will be gathering data about such subjects as disability, maternal depression, substance abuse, illiteracy, domestic violence, and lack of education/skills.  In a few instances, administrative data are available.  Illinois, for example, will use administrative data on publicly funded substance abuse services, and Washington and Wisconsin have administrative data related to domestic violence.  As Figure A-7 shows, most include specific questions about barriers related to lack of transportation and lack of child care.

Figure 7. Barriers to Self-Sufficiency