Inside the Black Box of Interactions Between Programs and Participants: Re-conceptualizing Subgroups for Fatherhood Program Evaluation. VIII. HOW MIGHT THESE CONCEPTS AND SUBGROUPING APPROACHES BE APPLIED TO FATHERHOOD PROGRAM EVALUATION?


Our scan of innovative approaches to creating subgroups and our reviews of behavior change theories, psychological theories of fatherhood, and empirical research on psychosocial predictors of fatherhood-related outcomes point us in some potentially useful directions for future evaluations of fatherhood programs. But before exploring new ways of thinking about subgroups in fatherhood program evaluations, it is useful to review what we already know about subgroups of low-income fathers that have been studied in program evaluations. In Section A, we discuss subgroups that have been examined (and those for which impacts have been found) in high quality impact evaluations of fatherhood and other family-strengthening programs. In Section B, we discuss variables that could be considered in creating baseline subgroups. In Section C, we discuss various approaches to creating these subgroups as well as some implications for data collection, and in Section D, we highlight some implications for data collection.

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