Inside the Black Box of Interactions Between Programs and Participants: Re-conceptualizing Subgroups for Fatherhood Program Evaluation. A. Environmental Scan of Innovative Approaches to Creating Subgroups


The environmental scan consisted of three types of searches: (1) audience segmentation methods used in public health,[1] (2) service-user typology methods used to study homeless and public housing populations, and (3) subgrouping methods used in evaluations of fatherhood programs. We deemed eligible and therefore reviewed 14 studies (of 63 found) on audience segmentation, 8 service-user typology studies (of 95 found), and the 12 high quality impact studies identified by a recent review of evidence-based family strengthening programs (Avellar et al. 2011; Avellar et al. 2012). (For greater detail on our approach to searching, screening, selecting, and reviewing research, see Appendix A.) The project team developed a standard study review template designed to capture key data from each study. The template was piloted and refined according to feedback from all team members before its use for the reviews. For each study reviewed in the scan, in addition to any identifying information, we documented the following:

·      Conceptual approach to defining subgroups

·      How subgroups were created

·      Specific constructs and variables used to create subgroups

In addition, in preparing for our upcoming review of the literature on psychosocial determinants of behavior change (in general, and specifically relating to outcomes targeted by fatherhood programs), we identified psychosocial variables that may be used in creating subgroups potentially relevant to fathers and fatherhood programs.

View full report


"rpt_insidebb.pdf" (pdf, 1.35Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®