The foregoing review of functional and technical building blocks and contributing programs and activities shows that many of the basic components for the NHII already exist and are operating in their own spheres. What they lack is the interconnections that will make them more useful than they are as individual pieces. Now, new energy and resources must be introduced into the system to create a dynamic whole that is greater than, and beneficial to, all the parts. Leadership backed up by resources can bring the pieces together to craft the design of the NHII and bring it into being. We examine the new energy source and the required resources in the next section.