Informal and Formal Kinship Care. Table 1.5 Poverty Status and Use of Services by Kin Care and Parent Care Families, 1983-94

06/20/1997

 
 

Percentage in Category

 

Kin Care Children

Parent Care Children

Category

1983-85

1986-88

1989-91

1992-94

1983-85

1986-88

1989-91

1992-94

Family poverty level

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

Below poverty line

39.2 %

36.8 %

35.3 %

38.8 %

21.3 %

19.9 %

19.4 %

21.4 %

Up to 150% of poverty line

15.1 %

14.5 %

16.7 %

17.1 %

11.9 %

10.8 %

10.6 %

11.0 %

Above 150% of poverty line

45.7 %

48.7 %

48.0 %

44.1 %

66.9 %

69.4 %

70.0 %

67.6 %

Family has no earned income

23.8 %

23.0 %

22.3 %

26.3 %

8.9 %

8.3 %

7.9 %

9.2 %

Family use of public assistance

               

Public assistance/welfare

21.1 %

19.9 %

24.3 %

27.0 %

11.6 %

11.7 %

11.5 %

13.3 %

Supplemental Security Income

10.1 %

11.5 %

13.0 %

14.5 %

1.9 %

1.9 %

2.2 %

3.0 %

Social Security

33.9 %

34.1 %

37.3 %

34.6 %

6.8 %

6.5 %

6.1 %

6.4 %

Disability

n.a.

n.a.

3.9 %

3.6 %

n.a.

n.a.

1.4 %

1.4 %

Unemployment compensation

11.8 %

8.1 %

8.2 %

7.9 %

13.3 %

9.1 %

8.0 %

10.2 %

Workers compensation

3.4 %

3.2 %

3.3 %

3.2 %

3.2 %

3.2 %

3.2 %

3.0 %

Children receive free lunches*

42.0 %

35.2 %

35.7 %

49.8 %

22.4 %

15.9 %

21.6 %

25.4 %

Public housing*

7.3 %

5.9 %

6.7 %

6.7 %

3.7 %

3.6 %

3.5 %

4.0 %

Rent subsidy*

2.2 %

2.6 %

3.4 %

2.6 %

1.5 %

2.0 %

2.5 %

2.7 %

Food stamps*

28.6 %

24.8 %

27.8 %

31.2 %

16.9 %

17.7 %

14.7 %

18.9 %

Source: March Current Population Surveys, 1983-1994.

Notes: Estimates based on average for 3-year period. n.a.=Not available.

* Variable measured at household, not family level.

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