Informal and Formal Kinship Care. Appendix 2: Obtaining Living Arrangement Categories from STF3 Data Tables (Supplemental Material to Section II)

06/20/1997

The Census information used in this report was obtained from the Summary Tape Files -- Level 3A information that is tabulated and publicly distributed by the Bureau of the Census. Most of the data was obtained electronically from the web site maintained by the Census Bureau.

The information about child living arrangements is not available from one single table in the STF data, but was computed with information from several different tabulations. Our living arrangement counts were produced from the following tables:

P13. AGE (31).

Universe: Persons

P74 PRESENCE AND AGE OF CHILDREN(2) BY EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF PARENTS(8).

Universe: Own children under 18 in families and subfamilies.

P126 POVERTY STATUS IN 1989(2) BY FAMILY TYPE AND AGE(9).

Universe: Related Children under 18 years of age.

The reader should note here that the Census term 'related', as used in Table P126 is a broad category which includes "own-children" as well as other kinship relations. It should also be noted that the relationship data itself, except for the fact that a relation exists, is not comparable to the relation categories in P74. P126 categorized children by relation to the head of the household, and not by presence or absence of a parent.

Original Census Data Table Computational Elements Needed

Age and Total Child Population:

P13 1 Under 1 Year A. Children 0-5 = 13.1 + 13.2 + 13.3 + 3.4

2 1 and 2 years

3 3 and 4 years B. Children 6-17 = 13.5 + 13.6 +.....+ 13.12

4 5 years

5 6 years C. Children 0-17 = A + B

6 7 to 9 years

7 10 and 11 years

8 12 and 13 years

9 14 years

10 15 years

11 16 years

12 17 years

13-31 not used here

 

Own Children by Age and Living Arrangement:
 

P74 1 Under 6 years, 2 parents in labor force D. Own Child, two parents, 0-5

2 Under 6 years, 2 parents, father only in labor force = 74.1 + 74.2 + 74.3 + 74.4

3 Under 6 years, 2 parents, mother only in labor force

4 Under 6 years, 2 parents, neither in labor force E. Own Child, two parents, 6-17

5 Under 6 years, father only, in labor force = 74.9 + 74.10 + 74.11 + 74.12

6 Under 6 years, father only, not in labor force

7 Under 6 years, mother only, in labor force F. Own child, mother only, 0-5

8 Under 6 years, mother only, not in labor force = 74.7 + 74.8

9 6 to 17 years, 2 parents in labor force

10 6 to 17 years, 2 parents, father only in labor force G. Own child, mother only, 6-17

11 6 to 17 years, 2 parents, mother only in labor force = 74.15 + 74.16

12 6 to 17 years, 2 parents, neither in labor force

13 6 to 17 years, father only, in labor force H. Own child, father only, 0-5

14 6 to 17 years, father only, not in labor force = 74.5 + 74.6

15 6 to 17 years, mother only, in labor force

16 6 to 17 years, mother only, not in labor force I. Own child, father only, 6-17

= 74.13 + 74.14
 

Related Children by Age and Living Arrangement:
 

P126 1 Married-couple family, 0-4 years, above poverty J. Related Child 0-5

2 Married-couple family, 5 years, above poverty = 126.1 + 126.2 + 126.4

3 Married-couple family, 6-17 years, above poverty + 126.5 + 126.7 + 126.8

4 Male householder, no wife, 0-4 years, above poverty + 126.10 + 126.11 +126.13

5 Male householder, no wife, 5 years, above poverty + 126.14 + 126.16 + 126.17

6 Male householder, no wife, 6-17 years, above poverty

7 Female householder, no husband, 0-4 years, above poverty K. Related Child 6-17

8 Female householder, no husband, 5 years, above poverty = 126.3 + 126.6 + 126.9

9 Female householder, no husband, 6-17 years, above poverty + 126.12 + 126.15

10 Married-couple family, 0-4 years, below poverty + 126.18

11 Married-couple family, 5 years, below poverty

12 Married-couple family, 6-17 years, below poverty

13 Male householder, no wife, 0-4 years, below poverty

14 Male householder, no wife, 5 years, below poverty

15 Male householder, no wife, 6-17 years, below poverty

16 Female householder, no husband, 0-4 years, below poverty

17 Female householder, no husband, 5 years, below poverty

18 Female householder, no husband, 6-17 years, below poverty

Using the computational quantities derived from the raw Census tables as described above, the living arrangement distributions used in this section can be computed as follows:

0 - 5 years 6-17 years 0-17 years

Own Child, 2 parents D E D + E

Own Child, mother only F G F + G

Own Child, Father only H I H + I

Related Child, no parent J - ( D + F + H) K - ( E + G + I) (J + K) -

(D+E+F+G+H+I)

Unrelated Child ( A - J ) ( B - K) C - ( J + K )

Total Children A B C

As can be seen, own children indicators are obtained directly from combined counts, kinship indicators by subtracting own-children from "all related" children, and unrelated indicators by subtracting "all related" children from "all children".

 

1. 0 Institutionalized individuals are excluded from the CPS sample.

2. 0 Examples of a related subfamily are (1) the daughter of the household head and the daughter's baby; (2) the nephew of the household head and the nephew's wife; and (3) the sister of the household head, the sister's husband, and the sister's child.

3. 0 Examples of an unrelated subfamily are: (1) a live-in maid and her daughter; (2) a man and his nephew who rent a room in another--unrelated--family's house; and (3) a divorced woman, her son, and her daughter who share a house with another divorced woman--who has been designated the household head by the Census Bureau--and the second woman's daughter. In the last case, the "Kate and Allie" example, both mothers may have their names on the lease or mortgage, but the CPS only allows one to be designated the household head.

4. 0 Starting in 1988, kin-care children in unrelated subfamilies could not be identified because the Census Bureau limited membership in unrelated subfamilies to the head of the unrelated subfamily, his or her spouse, and his or her children (Weyland, 4 June 1996).

5. 0 For example, children of the head of household who have children of their own are coded as heads of a related subfamily, even if they are minors. In such a circumstance, we coded the young mother as a parent-care child, assigned the household head and his or her spouse as parents, and used data on all members of the primary family to generate the family-level variables.

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