Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table TANF 7. Characteristics of AFDC/TANF Families: Selected Years 1969 – 2009

04/01/2013

  May 1969 May 1975 March 1979 Fiscal year 1
1983 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2009
Avg. Family Size (persons)  4.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.3
 
One  26.6 37.9 42.3 43.4 42.5 42.5 43.9 44.2 48.9 50.8
Two  23.0 26.0 28.1 29.8 30.2 30.2 29.9 28.4 27.7 26.9
Three  17.7 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.8 15.5 15.0 15.3 13.2 12.9
Four or More  32.5 20.0 13.9 10.1 9.9 10.1 9.2 10.1 8.4 7.5
Unknown  NA NA NA 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.3 2.0 1.8 1.8
Families with No Adult in Asst. Unit  10.1 12.5 14.6 8.3 9.6 14.8 21.5 34.4 43.6 48.1
Child-Only Families 2 32.7 40.9 45.2
Families with Non-Recipients  33.1 34.8 NA 36.9 36.8 38.9 49.9
Median Months on AFDC/TANF
Since Most Recent Opening  23.0 31.0 29.0 26.0 26.3 22.5 23.6
Presence of Assistance
Living in Public Housing  12.8 14.6 NA 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.8 17.7 18.8 13.7
Participating in Food Stamp or Donated Food Program  52.9 75.1 75.1 83.0 84.6 87.3 89.3 79.9 81.5 80.7
Presence of Income
With Earnings  NA 14.6 12.8 5.7 8.4 7.4 11.1 23.6 3 18.9 3 21.8 3
No Non-AFDC/TANF Income  56.0 71.1 80.6 86.8 79.6 78.9 76.0 71.6 3 75.8 3 74.5 3
Adult Employment Status (percent of adults)
Employed  6.6 11.3 26.4 22.0 23.5
Unemployed  49.2 50.2 47.3
Not in Labor Force  24.3 27.8 29.2
Adult Women's Employment Status (percent of adult female recipients):4
Full-time job  8.2 10.4 8.7 1.5 2.2 2.2 4.7
Part-time job  6.3 5.7 5.4 3.4 4.2 4.2 5.4
Marital Status (percent of adults)
Single  65.3 69.1 69.5
Married  12.4 10.3 14.4
Separated  13.1 11.9 9.9
Widowed  0.7 0.6 0.3
Divorced  8.5 8.1 6.1
Basis for Child's Eligibility (percent children):
Incapacitated  11.7 5 7.7 5.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.3
Unemployed  4.6 5 3.7 4.1 8.7 6.5 8.2 8.3
Death  5.5 5 3.7 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6
Divorce or Separation  43.3 5 48.3 44.7 38.5 34.6 30.0 24.3
Absent, No Marriage Tie  27.9 5 31.0 37.8 44.3 51.9 53.1 58.6
Absent, Other Reason 3.5 5 4.0 5.9 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.4
Unknown  1.7 0.9 0.6

Note: Figures are percentages of families/cases unless noted otherwise.

1 Percentages are based on the average monthly TANF caseload during the year. Hawaii and the territories are not included in 1983. Data after 1986 include the territories and Hawaii. Unlike most of the figures in this report, this table does not include families from Separate State Programs (SSP).
2 Adults that live in TANF families with children are sometimes excluded from the assistance unit because they have been sanctioned, receive disability income from Supplemental Security Income (SSI), have been time-limited, do not qualify based on citizenship requirements, or are non-parental caretakers such as relatives or other adults taking responsibility for the children.
3 Presence of income is measured as a percentage of adult recipients (not families) in FY 1998 and subsequent years.
4 For years prior to 1983, data are for mothers only.
5 Calculated on the basis of total number of families.
 
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance, unpublished data and Characteristics and Financial Circumstances of TANF Recipients: TANF Annual Report to Congress selected years.

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