Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table SSI 6. Characteristics of SSI Recipients by Selected Characteristics: Selected Years 1980-2009

04/01/2013

  1980 1985 1990 1994  1998 2000 2004 2009
Total
Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
under 18 5.5 5.5 6.4 13.4  13.5 12.8 14.2 15.6
18-64 40.9 45.4 50.9 53.0  55.5 56.7 57.6 58.0
65 or older 53.6 49.1 42.7 33.7  31.0 30.5 28.2 26.4
Sex
Male 34.4 35.2 37.2 41.3  41.3 41.5 42.7 44.8
Female 65.5 64.8 62.8 58.7  58.7 58.5 57.3 55.2
Selected Sources of Income
Earnings 3.2 3.8 4.7 4.2  4.5 4.4 3.4 3.4
Social Security 51.0 49.4 45.9 39.1  36.5 36.1 34.9 34.2
No other income 34.8 34.5 36.4 43.6  47.3 54.4 55.5 56.5
Noncitizens NA 5.1 9.0 11.7  10.2 10.5 9.7 8.4
Eligibility Category
Aged 43.6 36.4 30.2 23.3  20.3 19.5 17.3 15.4
Blind 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.4  1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9
Disabled 54.5 61.7 68.1 75.4  78.5 79.3 81.6 83.6
  Aged
Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
65-69 14.0 14.9 19.4 20.5  17.6 15.6 15.0 15.1
70-79 51.5 45.6 41.3 44.3  48.4 50.0 47.3 44.2
80 or older 34.5 39.5 39.2 35.1  34.0 34.5 37.6 40.8
Sex  
Male 27.3 25.5 25.1 26.8  27.8 29.0 30.7 33.0
Female 72.6 74.5 74.9 73.2  72.2 71.0 69.3 67.0
Noncitizens NA 9.7 19.4 30.0  27.0 28.5 28.3 26.7
  Blind and Disabled
Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
18-64 80.2 77.7 80.0 83.4  83.6 83.8 83.9 84.0
65 or older 19.8 22.3 20.0 16.6  16.4 16.2 16.0 15.8
Sex1
Male 39.8 40.8 42.4 41.8  41.1 44.5 41.1 42.6
Female 60.2 59.2 57.6 58.2  58.9 55.5 58.9 57.4
Noncitizens NA 2.4 4.6 6.2  5.5 6.2 5.8 5.1
  Children
Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 11.7 NA NA 15.8  15.8 15.5 15.9 16.1
5-9 20.9 NA NA 28.5  30.2 28.5 26.8 29.1
10-14 28.8 NA NA 32.7 34.6 34.6 36.2 36.2 33.6
15-17 21.7 NA NA 17.3  19.4 19.8 21.1 21.3
18-212 16.8 14.3 9.3 5.7 
Sex 
Male NA NA NA 63.0  62.9 63.8 65.0 66.0
Female NA NA NA 37.0  37.1 36.2 35.0 34.0
 
Note: Data are for December of the year.
1 For 1980-1992 male-female classification reflects all blind and disabled, both children and adults; thereafter, it is based on adults only.
2 In this table, students 18-21 are classified as children prior to 1998. Source: Social Security Administration, Social Security Bulletin, Annual Statistical Supplement, 2010 and prior years (available online at www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2010/).

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