Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table SNAP 6. SNAP Recipiency Rates by State: Selected Fiscal Years [In percent]

04/01/2013

  1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 Percent Change
1995-00 2000-09
Alabama 9.9 14.9 14.8 11.2 12.2 8.9 12.3 14.4 -27 62
Alaska 4.0 7.1 4.1 4.5 7.5 6.0 8.3 9.2 -20 54
Arizona 6.3 7.1 6.5 8.6 10.8 5.0 9.2 12.3 -54 146
Arkansas 12.4 13.1 10.9 10.0 10.7 9.2 13.5 14.2 -14 55
California 6.8 6.3 6.1 6.5 10.0 5.4 5.6 7.2 -46 34
Colorado 5.8 5.6 5.3 6.7 6.6 3.6 5.3 6.4 -45 76
Connecticut 5.0 5.5 4.5 4.0 6.8 4.8 5.9 7.3 -29 52
Delaware 4.5 8.7 6.5 5.0 7.8 4.1 7.3 10.3 -48 151
Dist. of Columbia 17.2 16.1 11.4 10.3 16.2 14.1 15.3 17.2 -13 22
Florida 7.6 9.3 5.5 6.0 9.6 5.5 7.8 10.5 -43 92
Georgia 9.8 11.4 9.5 8.2 11.1 6.8 10.1 13.1 -39 92
Hawaii 8.4 10.6 9.5 6.9 10.4 9.7 7.4 8.8 -6 -9
Idaho 4.6 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.8 4.5 6.6 8.8 -34 97
Illinois 8.2 7.9 9.7 8.8 9.6 6.6 9.1 11.3 -32 73
Indiana 7.3 6.4 7.4 5.6 8.0 4.9 8.9 11.0 -39 123
Iowa 4.0 4.8 7.2 6.1 6.4 4.2 7.0 9.8 -34 133
Kansas 2.5 3.8 4.9 5.7 7.1 4.3 6.5 7.8 -39 80
Kentucky 13.6 12.8 15.2 12.4 13.4 10.0 13.6 16.3 -26 63
Louisiana 13.1 13.5 14.6 17.2 16.2 11.2 18.0 16.1 -31 44
Maine 11.8 12.3 9.8 7.6 10.6 8.0 11.7 15.3 -25 92
Maryland 6.3 7.7 6.5 5.3 7.9 4.1 5.2 8.0 -48 93
Massachusetts 6.3 7.9 5.7 5.8 6.7 3.6 5.7 9.5 -45 161
Michigan 6.8 8.8 10.8 9.8 10.0 6.1 10.4 14.5 -40 140
Minnesota 4.2 4.2 5.5 6.0 6.6 4.0 5.1 6.6 -40 65
Mississippi 15.7 19.6 19.1 19.4 17.6 9.7 15.0 17.1 -45 77
Missouri 6.2 6.8 7.2 8.4 10.7 7.6 13.2 13.4 -29 77
Montana 5.1 5.5 7.1 7.1 8.1 6.6 8.7 9.5 -19 44
Nebraska 3.2 4.2 5.9 6.0 6.3 4.8 6.7 7.4 -24 55
Nevada 5.2 4.0 3.4 4.1 6.2 3.0 5.1 7.6 -52 151
New Hampshire 5.3 5.4 2.8 2.7 5.0 2.9 4.0 6.0 -42 104
New Jersey 6.7 8.2 6.1 4.9 6.8 4.1 4.6 5.7 -40 40
New Mexico 13.5 14.1 10.9 10.3 13.9 9.3 12.6 14.5 -33 56
New York 7.2 10.0 10.3 8.6 11.8 7.6 9.1 11.9 -36 57
North Carolina 8.4 9.9 7.6 6.3 8.4 6.0 9.2 12.1 -28 101
North Dakota 2.9 3.9 4.9 6.1 6.4 5.0 6.6 8.2 -22 65
Ohio 7.9 8.0 10.6 10.0 10.3 5.4 8.8 11.8 -48 119
Oklahoma 6.2 6.9 8.0 8.5 11.3 7.3 12.0 12.8 -35 75
Oregon 8.6 7.5 8.5 7.6 9.1 6.8 11.9 15.2 -25 122
Pennsylvania 7.1 8.3 8.8 8.0 9.6 6.3 8.4 10.6 -34 68
Rhode Island 9.2 9.1 7.2 6.4 9.2 7.1 7.1 9.7 -23 37
South Carolina 14.1 13.6 11.3 8.5 9.7 7.3 12.2 15.1 -24 105
South Dakota 4.8 6.2 6.9 7.2 6.8 5.7 7.2 9.1 -17 60
Tennessee 9.3 13.6 11.0 10.8 12.4 8.7 14.2 17.0 -30 96
Texas 9.0 8.1 7.8 11.0 13.5 6.4 10.7 12.1 -53 90
Utah 3.7 3.7 4.6 5.7 5.9 3.6 5.3 6.7 -38 82
Vermont 9.1 8.9 8.2 6.8 10.1 6.7 7.3 11.6 -33 73
Virginia 5.1 7.2 6.3 5.6 8.2 4.7 6.5 8.3 -42 75
Washington 7.0 6.0 6.4 6.9 8.7 5.0 8.1 11.4 -43 129
West Virginia 13.1 10.7 14.6 14.6 16.9 12.6 14.5 16.8 -26 34
Wisconsin 3.2 4.6 7.6 5.8 6.2 3.6 6.2 9 7 -42 170
Wyoming 2.7 3.0 5.4 6.2 6.9 4.5 5.0 4.9 -34 8
United States 7.6 8.5 8.3 8.0 10.0 6.0 8.4 10.7 -39 77
 
Note: Recipiency rate refers to the average monthly number of SNAP recipients in each state during the particular fiscal year expressed as a percent of the total resident population as of July 1 of that year. The numerators are from Table SNAP 5 and the denominators are from Census population estimates for states both of which are subject to revision. Recipiency rate for the United States are from Table SNAP 1 and are also subject to revision.
 
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services, Office of Food and Nutrition Service, (2000 to 2009 data published online at http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/15SNAPpartPP.htm and earlier years from unpublished data from the National Data Bank; U.S. Census Bureau (population by state available online at http://www.census.gov).

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