Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table SNAP 3. Characteristics of SNAP Households: Selected Years 1980–2009

04/01/2013

 
  Year 1
1980 1984 1988 1990 1994 1996 1998 2000 2004 2009
With Gross Monthly Income: (In Percent)
Below the Federal Poverty Levels.…... 87 93 92 92 90 91 90 89 88 86
Between the Poverty Levels and 130 percent of the Poverty Levels 10 6 8 8 9 8 9 10 11 11
Above 130 Percent of Poverty........….. 2 1 * * 1 1 1 1 2 3
With Earnings................................……. 19 19 20 19 21 23 26 27 29 29
With Public Assistance Income2.....….. §§ §§ §§ §§ §§ 61 59 56 45 35
With AFDC/ ANF Income...........…... NA 42 42 42 38 37 31 26 16 10
With SSI Income...........................…... 18 18 20 19 21 24 28 32 27 24
With Children...................................….. 60 61 61 60 61 60 58 54 54 50
And Female Heads of Household..…... NA 47 50 51 51 50 47 44 45 NA
With No Spouse Present .......…… NA NA 39 37 43 43 41 38 37 NA
With Elderly Members3..........……...... 23 22 19 18 16 16 18 21 17 17
Average Household Size...............…..... 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2

1 Data were gathered in August in the years 1980-84 and during the summer in the years from 1986 to 1994. Reports from 1995 to the present are based on fiscal year averages.

2 Public assistance income includes: AFDC/TANF, SSI, and general assistance.
3 Elderly members and heads of household include those of age 60 or older.
§§ The total percentage of households with public assistance income is approximately equal to the sum of those with AFDC/TANF and SSI income with some small percentage of households receiving both due to having individual members eligible for different forms of assistance (in 1996 just under 6 percent of households received assistance from multiple sources).
* Less than 0.5 percent.
 
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation, Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Households, Fiscal Year 2009, Report No. SNAP-09-CHAR (available online at http://www.fns.usda.gov/oane/MENU/Published/SNAP/FILES/Participation/200... and earlier reports.

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