Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table SNAP 2. Trends in SNAP Expenditures: Selected Years 1975–2009

04/01/2013

Fiscal Year Total Federal Cost (Benefits + Administration) Benefits (Federal) (millions) Administration1 Total Program Cost (millions) Average Monthly Benefit per Person
Current Dollars (millions) 2009 Dollars(millions) Federal (millions) State & Local  Current Dollars 2009 Dollars2
1975 $4,619 $17,328 $4,386 $233 $175 $4,794 $21.40 $79.90
1980 9,206 23,325 8,721 486 375 9,581 34.50 87.40
1981 11,225 25,852 10,630 595 504 11,729 39.50 91.00
1982 10,837 23,347 10,208 628 557 11,394 39.20 83.20
1983 11,847 24,402 11,152 695 612 12,459 43.00 88.60
19843 11,579 22,902 10,696 883 805 12,384 42.70 84.50
1985 11,703 22,346 10,744 960 871 12,574 45.00 85.90
1986 11,638 21,720 10,605 1,033 935 12,573 45.50 84.90
1987 11,604 21,092 10,500 1,104 996 12,600 45.80 83.20
1988 12,317 21,587 11,149 1,168 1,080 13,397 49.80 87.30
1989 12,902 21,692 11,670 1,232 1,101 14,003 51.70 86.90
1990 15,447 24,841 14,143 1,305 1,174 16,621 58.80 94.60
1991 18,747 28,847 17,316 1,432 1,247 19,994 63.80 98.20
1992 22,462 33,736 20,906 1,557 1,375 23,837 68.60 103.00
1993 23,653 34,646 22,006 1,647 1,572 25,225 68.00 99.60
1994 24,493 35,123 22,749 1,745 1,643 26,136 69.00 98.90
1995 24,620 34,486 22,764 1,856 1,748 26,368 71.30 99.90
1996 24,331 33,250 22,440 1,891 1,842 26,173 73.20 100.00
1997 21,508 28,680 19,549 1,959 1,904 23,412 71.30 95.10
1998 18,988 24,949 16,891 2,098 1,988 20,976 71.10 93.40
1999 17,821 23,002 15,769 2,052 1,874 19,695 72.30 93.30
2000 17,054 21,345 14,983 2,071 2,086 19,140 72.60 90.90
2001 17,789 21,577 15,547 2,242 2,233 20,022 74.80 90.70
2002 20,637 24,659 18,256 2,381 2,397 23,034 79.70 95.20
2003 23,816 27,802 21,404 2,412 2,633 26,450 83.90 97.90
2004 27,099 30,921 24,619 2,480 2,645 29,744 86.20 98.40
2005 31,072 34,331 28,568 2,504 2,713 33,785 92.90 102.60
2006 32,904 35,060 30,187 2,717 2,866 35,770 94.80 101.00
2007 33,190 34,544 30,373 2,817 2,947 36,137 96.20 100.10
2008 37,645 37,525 34,608 3,036 3,202 40,846 102.20 101.90
2009 53,639 53,639 50,360 3,279 3,460 57,099 125.30 125.30

Note: Total federal cost and the cost of benefits does include SNAP in Puerto Rico from 1975 to 1982 but does not include the funding for the Puerto Rico nutrition assistance grant from the last quarter of FY 1982 (when it replaced Puerto Rico’s food stamp program) to the present. (Puerto Rico’s nutrition assistance grant was $778 million in 1983 and rose to $2.0 billion in 2009.)

1 Amounts include the federal share of state administrative and Employment and Training costs and certain direct federal administrative costs. They do not generally include approximately $60 million in food stamp-related federal administrative costs budgeted under a separate appropriation account (although estimates prior to 1989 do include estimates of food stamp related federal administrative expenses paid out of other Agriculture Department accounts). State and local costs are estimated based on the known federal shares and represent an estimate of all administrative expenses of participating states.
2 Constant dollar adjustments to 2009 level were made using a CPI-U-RS fiscal year average price index.
3 Beginning in 1984 USDA took over from DHHS the administrative cost of certifying public assistance households for SNAP.
 
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service unpublished data (available at online at http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/SNAPsummary.htm); and the House Ways and Means Committee, 2004 Green Book (available online at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/wmprints/green/2004.html).

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