Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Table SNAP 1. Trends in SNAP Caseloads: Selected Years 1962–2009

04/01/2013

Fiscal
Year
SNAP Participants Participants as a Percent of:
Child Participants
as a Percent of:
Including Territories1 (thousands) Excluding Territories (thousands) Children Excld. Terr. (thousands) Total Population2 All Poor Persons2 Total Child Population2 Children in Poverty2
1962 6,554 6,554 NA 3.5 17.0 NA NA
1965 5,167 5,167 NA 2.7 15.6 NA NA
1970 8,317 8,317 NA 4.1 32.7 NA NA
1971 13,010 13,010 NA 6.3 50.9 NA NA
1972 14,111 14,111 NA 6.7 57.7 NA NA
1973 14,607 14,607 NA 6.9 63.6 NA NA
1974 14,268 14,268 NA 6.7 61.1 NA NA
19754 17,152 16,320 NA 7.6 63.1 NA NA
1976 18,628 17,033 9,126 7.8 68.2 13.8 88.8
1977 17,161 15,604 NA 7.1 63.1 NA NA
1978 16,077 14,405 NA 6.5 58.8 NA NA
19795 17,758 15,942 NA 7.1 61.1 NA NA
1980 21,173 19,253 9,876 8.5 65.8 15.5 85.6
1981 22,518 20,655 9,803 9.0 64.9 15.5 78.4
1982 21,808 20,391 9,591 8.8 59.3 15.3 70.3
1983 21,727 20,095 10,910 8.6 56.9 17.4 78.4
1984 20,854 20,796 10,492 8.8 61.7 16.8 78.2
1985 19,899 19,847 9,801 8.3 60.0 15.7 75.3
1986 19,429 19,381 9,844 8.1 59.9 15.7 76.5
1987 19,113 19,072 9,771 7.9 59.2 15.5 76.1
1988 18,645 18,613 9,351 7.6 58.6 14.8 75.1
1989 18,806 18,777 9,429 7.6 59.6 14.9 74.9
1990 20,049 20,020 10,127 8.0 59.6 15.8 75.4
1991 22,625 22,599 11,952 8.9 63.3 18.3 83.3
1992 25,407 25,371 13,349 9.9 66.7 20.1 87.3
1993 26,987 26,957 14,196 10.4 68.7 21.0 90.3
1994 27,474 27,439 14,391 10.4 72.1 21.0 94.1
1995 26,619 26,579 13,860 10.0 73.0 20.0 94.5
1996 25,543 25,495 13,189 9.5 69.8 18.8 91.2
1997 22,858 22,820 11,847 8.4 64.1 16.7 83.9
1998 19,791 19,748 10,520 7.2 57.3 14.7 78.1
1999 18,183 18,114 9,332 6.5 55.2 13.0 76.0
2000 17,194 17,054 8,743 6.0 54.0 12.1 75.5
2001 17,318 17,262 8,820 6.1 52.5 12.1 75.2
2002 19,096 19,003 9,688 6.6 55.0 13.3 79.8
2003 21,250 20,898 10,605 7.2 58.3 14.5 82.4
2004 23,811 23,447 11,771 8.0 63.3 16.1 90.3
2005 25,628 24,841 12,404 8.4 67.2 16.9 96.2
2006 26,549 25,555 12,579 8.6 70.1 17.1 98.1
2007 26,316 25,887 12,695 8.6 69.4 17.2 95.3
2008 28,223 27,751 13,472 9.1 69.7 18.2 95.8
2009 33,490 32,842 15,589 10.7 75.4 21.0 100.9
 
1 Total participants includes all participating states, the District of Columbia, and the territories (including Puerto Rico from 1975 to 1982–a separate Nutrition Assistance Grant for Puerto Rico was begun in July 1982). From 1962 to 1983 the number of participants includes the Family Food Assistance Program (FFAP) that was largely replaced by the FSP in 1975. The FFAP participants (as of December) for the seven years shown during the period from 1962 to 1974 were respectively: 6,411; 4,742; 3,977; 3,642; 3,002; 2,441; and 1,406 (all in thousands). From 1975 to 1983 the number of FFAP participants averaged only 88 thousand.
2 Includes all participating states and the District of Columbia only–the territories are excluded from both numerator and denominator. Population numbers used as denominators are the resident population.
3 The pre-transfer poverty population used as denominator is the number of all persons in families or living alone whose income (cash income plus social insurance plus Social Security but before taxes and means-tested transfers) falls below the relevant poverty threshold. See Appendix J, Table 20, 1992 Green Book; data for subsequent years are unpublished Congressional Budget Office tabulations.
4 The first fiscal year in which SNAP was available nationwide.
5 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased-in basis.
Sources: U.S. Department of Agriculture, data published online at www.fns.usda.gov/oane/MENU/Published/SNAP/FILES/Participation/2009Charac... and unpublished data from the Food Stamps National Data Bank, the House Ways and Means Committee, 1996 Green Book, and U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2009,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-238.

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