Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Nonmarital Birth Risk Factor 2. Nonmarital Teen Births

04/01/2013

Figure BIRTH 2. Percentage of All Births to Unmarried Teens Ages 15 to 19 by Race and Ethnicity: 1940-2009

Note: Trends in nonmarital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring nonmarital births when marital status is not reported. Beginning in 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the mother. Prior to 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the child.

Race categories include those of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately. Prior to 1969, race data were available for Whites and Non-Whites only.
 
Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 1940 - 1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16), 2000; “Births: Final Data for 2009,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 60 (1), November 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/nvsr/nvsr.htm.
  • Figure BIRTH 2 shows the percentage of all births to unmarried teens 15 to 19 years of age by race and ethnicity, and Table BIRTH 2 shows corresponding estimates for selected years between 1940 and 2009. Unlike BIRTH 1, which showed nonmarital teen births as a percentage of all teen births, BIRTH 2 shows births to unmarried teens as a percentage of births to all women. This percentage is affected by several factors: the age distribution of women, the marriage rate among teens, the birth rate among unmarried teens and the birth rate among all other women.
  • The percentage of all births that were to unmarried teens rose between 2003 and 2008, from 8.2 percent in 2003 to 8.9 percent in 2008. The rate decreased to 8.7 percent in 2009.
  • Among Non-Hispanic Black women, the percentage of all births that were nonmarital teen births has been declining over the last three years. In 2009 the percentage was 15.6, the lowest percentage estimate since 1969, which was the first year in which data on Non-Hispanic Black women were collected.
  • Among Non-Hispanic White women, the percentage of all births that were births to unmarried teens rose between 2005 and 2008 before declining to 7.6 percent in 2009.
  • Among Hispanic women, the percentage of all births that were to unmarried teens increased from a low of 9.8 percent in 1990 to a high of 12.1 percent in 1994 and 1998. Over the last five years, the rate has fluctuated and now is 11.6 percent.
Table BIRTH 2. Percentage of All Births to Unmarried Teens Ages 15 to 19 by Race and Ethnicity: Selected Years
 
Year All Races Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic
1940 1.7 0.8 NA NA
1950 1.6 0.6 NA NA
1955 1.7 0.7 NA NA
1960 2.0 0.9 NA NA
1965 3.3 1.6 NA NA
1970 5.1 2.6 18.8 NA
1975 7.1 3.7 24.2 NA
1980 7.3 4.4 22.2 NA
1981 7.1 4.5 21.5 NA
1982 7.1 4.5 21.2 NA
1983 7.2 4.6 21.2 NA
1984 7.1 4.6 20.7 NA
1985 7.2 4.8 20.3 NA
1986 7.5 5.1 20.1 NA
1987 7.7 5.3 20.0 NA
1988 8.0 5.6 20.3 NA
1989 8.3 5.9 20.6 NA
1990 8.4 6.1 20.4 9.8
1991 8.7 6.4 20.4 10.3
1992 8.7 6.5 20.2 10.3
1993 8.9 6.8 20.2 10.6
1994 9.7 7.5 21.1 12.1
1995 9.6 7.6 21.1 11.7
1996 9.6 7.7 20.9 11.5
1997 9.7 7.8 20.5 11.9
1998 9.7 7.9 19.9 12.1
1999 9.5 7.8 19.1 11.9
2000 9.1 7.6 18.3 11.5
2001 8.7 7.3 17.5 11.0
2002 8.5 7.2 16.7 10.8
2003 8.2 7.1 16.2 10.7
2004 8.3 7.2 16.0 10.9
2005 8.3 7.2 15.8 11.0
2006 8.6 7.4 16.1 11.3
2007 8.8 7.7 16.3 11.5
2008 8.9 7.8 16.2 11.7
2009 8.7 7.6 15.6 11.6

Note: Trends in nonmarital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring nonmarital births when marital status is not reported. Beginning in 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the mother. Prior to 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the child.

Race categories include those of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately. Prior to 1969, race data were available for Whites and Non-Whites only.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 1940-1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16), 2000; “Births: Final Data for 2009,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 60 (1), November 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/nvsr/nvsr.htm.

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