Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Employment and Work Risk Factor 6. Adult Alcohol and Substance Abuse

04/01/2013

Figure WORK 6. Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol by Age: 2009

Note: Cocaine and marijuana use is defined as use during the past month. “Binge alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. “Heavy alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.

  • Figure WORK 6 shows the percentage of adults who used cocaine, the percentage who used marijuana, and the percentage who abused alcohol by age group in 2009.
  • Adults 18 to 25 years of age were more likely than older adults to report cocaine, marijuana, binge alcohol or heavy alcohol use in the prior month. For example, 18.1 percent reported using marijuana in the past month during 2009, compared with 9.6 percent of adults 26 to 34 years of age and 3.4 percent of adults 35 years and over.
  • The percentage of adults reporting binge alcohol use was larger than the percentages for all other reported behaviors across all age groups. Among people reporting binge alcohol use, however, this behavior was most prevalent among adults 18 to 34 years of age compared to adults 35 and over.
  • Marijuana use has been trending upward since 1999. Between 2008 and 2009, marijuana use has increased for all the age groups while heavy alcohol use has decreased among those less than 34 years of age. The rate of heavy alcohol use remained the same for those 35 years of age and older since 2007.

Table WORK 6. Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol by Age: 1999-2009

  Cocaine Marijuana Binge Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
Year Ages 18-25 Ages 26-34 Ages 35 & over Ages 18-25 Ages 26-34 Ages 35 & over Ages 18-25 Ages 26-34 Ages 35 & over Ages 18-25 Ages 26-34 Ages 35 & over
1999 1.7 1.2 0.4 14.2 5.4 2.2 37.9 29.3 16.0 13.3 7.5 4.2
2000 1.4 0.8 0.3 13.6 5.9 2.3 37.8 30.3 16.4 12.8 7.6 4.1
2001 1.9 1.1 0.5 16.0 6.8 2.4 38.7 30.1 16.2 13.6 7.8 4.2
2002 2.0 1.2 0.6 17.3 7.7 3.1 40.9 33.1 18.6 14.9 9.0 5.2
2003 2.2 1.5 0.6 17.0 8.4 3.0 41.6 32.9 18.1 15.1 9.4 5.1
2004 2.1 1.4 0.5 16.1 8.3 3.1 41.2 32.2 18.5 15.1 9.4 5.3
2005 2.6 1.3 0.6 16.6 8.6 3.0 41.9 32.9 18.3 15.3 9.6 4.7
2006 2.2 1.7 0.6 16.3 8.5 3.2 42.2 34.2 18.4 15.6 10.0 5.1
2007 1.7 1.4 0.6 16.4 7.9 3.0 41.8 35.1 18.9 14.7 9.7 5.3
2008 1.5 1.5 0.4 16.5 8.8 3.2 41.0 36.4 18.8 14.5 10.6 5.3
2009 1.4 1.0 0.5 18.1 9.6 3.4 41.7 36.3 19.2 13.7 10.1 5.3

Note: Cocaine and marijuana use is defined as use during the past month. “Binge alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. “Heavy alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2000-2010.

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