Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 5. High School Dropout Rates

04/01/2013

Figure WORK 5. Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year by Race and Ethnicity: 1995-2009

Note: Beginning in 1987, the U.S. Census Bureau instituted new editing procedures for cases with missing data on school enrollment. Beginning in 1992, the data reflect new wording of the educational attainment item in the Current Population Survey (CPS).

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total but are not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 2011. Data are from the Current Population Survey, October Supplement.

  • Figure WORK 5 shows the percentage of students who were enrolled in grades 10 through 12 in the previous year but were not enrolled and had not graduated in the survey year by race and ethnicity for the time period 1995 to 2009. Over the time period, there has been a general downward trend in dropout rates.
  • In 2009, the dropout rate was 5.8 percent for Hispanic students of any race, 4.8 percent for Non-Hispanic Black students, and 2.4 percent for Non-Hispanic White students.
  • Table WORK 5 provides trend data on dropout rates beginning in 1972. The dropout rate for all races was highest in 1978 and 1979 (6.7 percent) and then declined to 3.4 percent in 2009, the lowest rate since 1972.
  • Data for the time period 2007 – 2009 are noteworthy when considered by sex. In 2007, the percentage for females of all races who dropped out was 3.3 percent, the lowest since 1972. In 2008 however, the rate increases to 4.0 percent, and falls back to 3.4 percent in 2009. By contrast, in 2007, 3.7 percent of males dropped out of school. The percentage decreases to 3.1 percent in 2008, before rising to 3.5 percent in 2009.
  • Dropout rates among Hispanic students of any race have fluctuated since 1972. Despite this fluctuation, Hispanic dropout rates were higher than rates for Non-Hispanic White students in all years since 1972 and higher than rates for Non-Hispanic Black students in all reported years except 2005 and 2008.

Table WORK 5. Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year by Race and Ethnicity: 1972 - 2009

 
All Races
Non-Hispanic White
Non-Hispanic Black
Hispanic Male Female
1972 6.1 5.3 9.5 11.2 5.9 6.3
1973 6.3 5.5 9.9 10.0 6.8 5.7
1974 6.7 5.8 11.6 9.9 7.4 6.0
1975 5.8 5.0 8.7 10.9 5.4 6.1
1976 5.9 5.6 7.4 7.3 6.6 5.2
1977 6.5 6.1 8.6 7.8 6.9 6.1
1978 6.7 5.8 10.2 12.3 7.5 5.9
1979 6.7 6.0 9.9 9.8 6.8 6.7
1980 6.1 5.2 8.2 11.7 6.7 5.5
1981 5.9 4.8 9.7 10.7 6.0 5.8
1982 5.5 4.7 7.8 9.2 5.8 5.1
1983 5.2 4.4 7.0 10.1 5.8 4.7
1984 5.1 4.4 5.7 11.1 5.4 4.8
1985 .2 4.3 7.8 9.8 5.4 5.0
1986 4.7 3.7 5.4 11.9 4.7 4.7
1987 4.1 3.5 6.4 5.4 4.3 3.8
1988 4.8 4.2 5.9 10.4 5.1 4.4
1989 4.5 3.5 7.8 7.8 4.5 4.5
1990 4.0 3.3 5.0 7.9 4.0 3.9
1991 4.0 3.2 6.0 7.3 3.8 4.2
1992 4.4 3.7 5.0 8.2 3.9 4.9
1993 4.5 3.9 5.8 6.7 4.6 4.3
1994 5.3 4.2 6.6 10.0 5.2 5.4
1995 5.7 4.5 6.4 12.4 6.2 5.3
1996 5.0 4.1 6.7 9.0 5.0 5.1
1997 4.6 3.6 5.0 9.5 5.0 4.1
1998 4.8 3.9 5.2 9.4 4.6 4.9
1999 5.0 4.0 6.5 7.8 4.6 5.4
2000 4.8 4.1 6.1 7.4 5.5 4.1
2001 5.0 4.1 6.3 8.8 5.6 4.3
2002 3.6 2.6 4.9 5.8 3.7 3.4
2003 4.0 3.2 4.8 7.1 4.2 3.8
2004 4.7 3.7 5.7 8.9 5.1 4.3
2005 3.8 2.8 7.3 5.0 4.2 3.4
2006 3.8 2.9 3.8 7.0 4.1 3.4
2007 3.5 2.2 4.5 6.0 3.7 3.3
2008 3.5 2.3 6.4 5.3 3.1 4.0
2009 3.4 2.4 4.8 5.8 3.5 3.4

Note: Beginning in 1987, the U.S. Census Bureau instituted new editing procedures for cases with missing data on school enrollment. Beginning in 1992, the data reflect new wording of the educational attainment item in the Current Population Survey (CPS).

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total but are not shown separately.
 
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 2011. Data are from the Current Population Survey, October Supplement.

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