Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Economic Security Risk Factor 8. Lack of Health Insurance

04/01/2013

Figure ECON 8. Percentage of Persons without Health Insurance by Poverty Status: 2009

Note: "Poor persons" are defined as those with total family incomes at or below the federal poverty threshold. Health insurance rates for the education categories include only adults age 18 and over.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately. Some of the race categories presented for ECON 8 have been changed slightly from prior year reports to provide more internal consistency throughout this report; in reports prior to 2006, the race categories for Black and White included persons of Hispanic origin.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2009.

  • Figure ECON 8 shows the percentage of persons without health insurance by race and ethnicity, educational attainment, and poverty status for 2009. Thirty-one (31.2) percent of poor persons were without health insurance as compared to 13.6 percent of non-poor persons.
  • Among race and ethnic groups, poor Hispanics of any race had higher rates of being uninsured (39.9 percent) than did poor Non-Hispanic Whites (28.5 percent) and poor Non-Hispanic Blacks (27.4 percent).
  • As education increases, the rate of being uninsured decreases. Among the non-poor who were not high school graduates, 27.6 percent were uninsured compared to 18.9 percent of high school graduates, and 7.2 percent of college graduates.
  • Among the poor, 43.0 percent of persons who were not high school graduates, 42.7 percent of high school graduates, and 33.3 percent of college graduates were uninsured.
  • Table ECON 8 shows the percentage of persons without health insurance by poverty status and demographic characteristics. Across all demographic categories, poor persons were more likely than non-poor persons to be uninsured regardless of race and ethnicity, gender, educational attainment, age, or family category.
  • For poor persons, 15.0 percent of children 17 years of age or less were without health insurance as compared to 51.3 percent of poor adults 25 to 34 years of age. The 25 to 34 year age category had the highest percentage (51.3 percent) of uninsured among poor persons.
  • For non-poor persons, 8.3 percent of the children 17 years of age or less were without health insurance as compared to 25.9 percent of adults 18 to 24 years of age. The 18 to 24 year age category had the highest percentage of uninsured among non-poor persons.
Table ECON 8. Percentage of Persons without Health Insurance by Poverty Status and Selected Characteristics: 2009
 
  All Persons Poor Persons Non-Poor Persons
All Persons 16.1 31.2 13.6
Men 17.8 34.1 15.3
Women 14.5 29.1 11.8
Race and Ethnicity Categories
Non-Hispanic White 11.5 28.5 9.7
Non-Hispanic Black 20.1 27.4 17.6
Hispanic 31.6 39.9 28.8
Educational Attainment Categories
Not a high school graduate 31.9 43.0 27.6
High school graduate, no college 22.2 42.7 18.9
College graduate 8.4 33.3 7.2
Age Categories
5 and under 9.0 12.4 7.8
6-11 9.3 14.3 7.9
12-17 11.0 19.6 9.2
17 and under 9.7 15.0 8.3
18-24 29.3 42.2 25.9
25-34 28.1 51.3 24.0
35-44 21.0 49.9 17.2
45-54 17.3 43.5 14.4
55-64 13.4 33.1 11.4
Under 65 years 18.2 33.4 15.5
65 years and over 1.7 6.9 1.1
Family Categories
Persons in married-couple families 11.8 30.8 10.3
Persons in female-headed families 22.4 27.9 20.1
Persons in male-headed families 25.0 26.4 24.5
Unrelated persons 22.2 38.7 17.5

Note: "Poor” persons are defined as those with total family incomes at or below the federal poverty threshold. Health insurance rates for the education categories include only adults age 18 and over.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately. Some of the race categories presented for ECON 8 have been changed slightly from prior year reports to provide more internal consistency throughout this report; in reports prior to 2006, the race categories for Black and White included persons of Hispanic origin.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2009.

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