Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. SSI Program Data

12/20/2008

The following tables and figures provide SSI program data:

  • Tables SSI 1 through SSI 5 and Figure SSI 1 present national caseload and expenditure trend data on the SSI program; 
  • Table SSI 6 presents demographic characteristics of the SSI caseload;
  • Tables SSI 7 through SSI 9 present state-by-state trend data on the SSI program through fiscal year 2006.

SSI Caseload Trends (Tables SSI 1 and SSI 2 and Figure SSI 1). From 1990 to 1995, the number of SSI beneficiaries increased from 4.8 million to 6.5 million, an average growth rate of over 7 percent per year.  Between 1995 and 2000, the number of beneficiaries fluctuated between 6.5 and 6.6 million persons.  Between 2000 and 2006, the caseload increased from 6.6 to 7.2 million beneficiaries, an average annual growth rate of 1.5 percent. Table SSI 1 presents information on the total number of persons receiving SSI payments in December of each year from 1974 through 2006, and also presents recipients by eligibility category (aged, blind, and disabled) and by type of recipient (child, adults ages 18-64, and adults ages 65 or older).  See also Tables IND 3c and IND 4c in Chapter II for further data on trends in recipiency and participation.

The composition of the SSI caseload has been shifting over time, as shown in Table SSI 1.  The number of beneficiaries eligible because of age has been declining steadily, from a high of 2.3 million persons in December 1975 to a low of 1.2 million persons in December 2004 and has since remained essentially unchanged.  At the same time, there has been strong growth in blind and disabled beneficiaries, from 1.7 million in December 1974 to 6.0 million in December 2006.  Moreover, the number of disabled children has increased dramatically, particularly during the 1990s, when the number of disabled children receiving SSI increased from 309,000 in December 1990 to 955,000 in December 1996.  The number of disabled children fell over the next three years, but has been increasing since 2000, reaching just under 1.1 million children in 2006.

Several factors have contributed to the growth of the Supplemental Security Income program. Expansions in disability eligibility (particularly for mentally impaired adults and for children), increased outreach, overall growth in immigration, and transfers from state programs were among the key factors identified in a 1995 study by the Government Accountability Office (GAO).  GAO concluded that three groups – adults with mental impairments, children, and non-citizens – accounted for nearly 90 percent of the SSI program’s growth in the early 1990s.  The growth in disabled children beneficiaries is generally believed to be due to outreach activities, the Supreme Court decision in the Zebley case, expansion of the medical impairment category, and reduction in reviews of continuing eligibility.2

SSI Expenditures (Tables SSI 3 through SSI 5). While down slightly from 2004, the total amount of federally administered SSI benefits has increased over the past 5 years from $35.6 billion (inflation adjusted) in 2001 to over $38.9 billion in 2006, as shown in Table SSI 3. Average monthly federally administered benefits per person were $455 in 2006, up (4.4 percent) from 2001 inflation adjusted benefit level of $436. For more details see Table SSI 4.

SSI Recipient Characteristics (Table SSI 6). Over the last 20 years, the percentage of aged SSI recipients has dramatically decreased, while the percentage of disabled recipients has increased substantially. As shown in Table SSI 6, the proportion of SSI aged recipients has decreased dramatically, from 44 percent in 1980 to under 17 percent in 2006.  During the same period, the percentage of disabled recipients increased from 55 percent in 1980 to 82 percent in 2006.

 


Figure SSI 1.
SSI Recipients by Age: 1974 – 2006

Figure SSI 1

Source:  Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Income, Annual Statistical Report, 2007 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2007/index.html).


Table SSI 1.
Number of Persons Receiving Federally Administered SSI Payments: 1974 – 2006

[In thousands]

Date Total Eligibility Category Type of Recipient
Aged Blind and Disabled Children Adults
Total Blind Disabled Age 18-64 65 or Older
1 Includes students 18-21 in 1974 only.
2 The jump in benefits in 1992 is due to retroactive payments resulting from the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
Source: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Income, Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2007/index.html).
Dec 1974 3,996 2,286 1,710 75 1,636 71 1 1,503 2,422
Dec 1975 4,314 2,307 2,007 74 1,933 107 1,699 2,508
Dec 1976 4,236 2,148 2,088 76 2,012 125 1,714 2,397
Dec 1977 4,238 2,051 2,187 77 2,109 147 1,738 2,353
Dec 1978 4,217 1,968 2,249 77 2,172 166 1,747 2,304
Dec 1979 4,150 1,872 2,278 77 2,201 177 1,727 2,246
Dec 1980 4,142 1,808 2,334 78 2,256 190 1,731 2,221
Dec 1981 4,019 1,678 2,341 79 2,262 195 1,703 2,121
Dec 1982 3,858 1,549 2,309 77 2,231 192 1,655 2,011
Dec 1983 3,901 1,515 2,386 79 2,307 198 1,700 2,003
Dec 1984 4,029 1,530 2,499 81 2,419 212 1,780 2,037
Dec 1985 4,138 1,504 2,634 82 2,551 227 1,879 2,031
Dec 1986 4,269 1,473 2,796 83 2,713 241 2,010 2,018
Dec 1987 4,385 1,455 2,930 83 2,846 251 2,119 2,015
Dec 1988 4,464 1,433 3,030 83 2,948 255 2,203 2,006
Dec 1989 4,593 1,439 3,154 83 3,071 265 2,302 2,026
Dec 1990 4,817 1,454 3,363 84 3,279 309 2,450 2,059
Dec 1991 5,118 1,465 3,654 85 3,569 397 2,642 2,080
Dec 1992 2 5,566 1,471 4,095 85 4,010 556 2,910 2,100
Dec 1993 5,984 1,475 4,509 85 4,424 723 3,148 2,113
Dec 1994 6,296 1,466 4,830 85 4,745 841 3,335 2,119
Dec 1995 6,514 1,446 5,068 84 4,984 917 3,482 2,115
Dec 1996 6,614 1,413 5,201 82 5,119 955 3,568 2,090
Dec 1997 6,495 1,362 5,133 81 5,052 880 3,562 2,054
Dec 1998 6,566 1,332 5,234 80 5,154 887 3,646 2,033
Dec 1999 6,557 1,308 5,249 79 5,169 847 3,691 2,019
Dec 2000 6,602 1,289 5,312 79 5,234 847 3,744 2,011
Dec 2001 6,688 1,264 5,424 78 5,346 882 3,811 1,995
Dec 2002 6,788 1,252 5,537 78 5,459 915 3,878 1,995
Dec 2003 6,902 1,233 5,670 77 5,593 959 3,878 1,990
Dec 2004 6,988 1,211 5,777 76 5,701 993 4,017 1,978
Dec 2005 7,114 1,214 5,900 75 5,825 1,036 4,083 1,995
Dec 2006 7,236 1,212 6,024 73 5,951 1,079 4,152 2,004

Table SSI 2.
SSI Recipiency Rates: 1974 – 2006

Date All Recipients
as a Percent of
Total Population 1
Adults 18-64
as a Percent of
18-64 Population 1
Child Recipients
as a Percent of
All Children 1
Elderly Recipients
(Persons 65 & Older)
as a Percent of
All Persons
65 & Older 1
All Elderly
Poor 2
1 Population numbers used for the denominators are Census Bureau resident population estimates adjusted to the December date by averaging the July 1 population of the current year with the July 1 population of the following year (resident population estimates by age are available online at http://www.census.gov).
 2 For the number of persons (65 years of age and older living in poverty) used as the denominator, see Current Population Reports, Series P60-233.
Note: Numerators for these ratios are from Table SSI 1. Rates computed by DHHS.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006," Current Population Reports, Series P60-233 (available online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html).
Dec  1974 1.9 1.2 0.1 10.8 78.5
Dec  1975 2.0 1.3 0.2 10.9 75.6
Dec  1976 1.9 1.3 0.2 10.2 72.4
Dec  1977 1.9 1.3 0.2 9.7 74.1
Dec  1979 1.8 1.3 0.3 8.8 61.3
Dec  1980 1.8 1.2 0.3 8.6 57.5
Dec  1981 1.7 1.2 0.3 8.0 55.0
Dec  1982 1.7 1.2 0.3 7.4 53.6
Dec  1983 1.7 1.2 0.3 7.3 55.2
Dec  1984 1.7 1.2 0.3 7.2 61.2
Dec  1985 1.7 1.3 0.4 7.1 58.7
Dec  1986 1.8 1.3 0.4 6.9 57.9
Dec  1987 1.8 1.4 0.4 6.7 56.5
Dec  1988 1.8 1.5 0.4 6.6 57.6
Dec  1989 1.9 1.5 0.4 6.5 60.3
Dec  1990 1.9 1.6 0.5 6.5 56.3
Dec  1991 2.0 1.7 0.6 6.5 55.0
Dec  1992 2.2 1.9 0.8 6.4 53.5
Dec  1993 2.3 2.0 1.1 6.4 56.3
Dec  1994 2.4 2.1 1.2 6.3 57.9
Dec  1995 2.4 2.2 1.3 6.2 63.7
Dec  1996 2.4 2.2 1.4 6.1 61.0
Dec  1997 2.4 2.2 1.2 6.0 60.8
Dec  1998 2.4 2.2 1.2 5.9 60.0
Dec  1999 2.3 2.2 1.2 5.8 62.7
Dec  2000 2.3 2.1 1.2 5.7 60.5
Dec  2001 2.3 2.1 1.2 5.6 58.4
Dec  2002 2.3 2.1 1.3 5.6 55.8
Dec  2003 2.4 2.2 1.3 5.5 56.0
Dec  2004 2.4 2.2 1.4 5.4 57.3
Dec  2005 2.4 2.2 1.4 5.4 55.4
Dec  2006 2.4 2.2 1.5 5.3 59.1

Table SSI 3.
Federally Administered SSI Benefits and Administration: 1974 – 2006
1
[In millions of dollars]

Calendar
Year
Total Benefits Federal
Payments
State
Supplementation
Administrative
Costs (fiscal year)
2006 2 Dollars Current Dollars
1 Payments and adjustments during the respective year but not necessarily accrued for that year.
2 Data adjusted for inflation by ASPE using the CPI-U-RS for calendar years.
Note: This table differs from earlier versions because of variations across states in reported numbers of recipients and payment amounts of SSI state-administered state supplements, information on state-administered state supplements is no longer published by SSA.
Source: Social Security Administration, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, SSI Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2006/index.html).
1974 $18,388 $5,097 $3,833 $1,264 $285
1975 19,045 5,716 4,314 1,403 399
1976 18,591 5,900 4,512 1,388 500
1977 18,169 6,134 4,703 1,431 526
1978 18,218 6,372 4,881 1,491 539
1979 18,330 6,869 5,279 1,590 611
1980 18,901 7,715 5,866 1,848 668
1981 18,724 8,357 6,518 1,839 717
1982 18,107 8,705 6,907 1,798 780
1983 17,988 9,134 7,423 1,711 846
1984 18,896 10,073 8,281 1,792 864
1985 19,321 10,750 8,777 1,973 956
1986 20,291 11,741 9,498 2,243 1,023
1987 20,942 12,592 10,029 2,563 977
1988 21,439 13,405 10,734 2,671 976
1989 22,393 14,561 11,606 2,955 1,052
1990 23,727 16,133 12,894 3,239 1,075
1991 25,395 17,996 14,765 3,231 1,230
1992 29,678 21,682 18,247 3,435 1,426
1993 31,938 23,991 20,722 3,270 1,468
1994 32,900 25,291 22,175 3,116 1,780
1995 34,312 27,037 23,919 3,118 1,978
1996 35,000 28,252 25,265 2,988 1,953
1997 34,384 28,371 25,457 2,913 2,055
1998 34,885 29,408 26,405 3,003 2,304
1999 34,998 30,106 26,805 3,301 2,493
2000 34,835 30,672 27,290 3,381 2,321
2001 35,577 32,166 28,706 3,460 2,397
2002 36,464 33,719 29,899 3,820 2,522
2003 36,978 34,693 30,688 4,005 2,656
2004 37,761 36,065 31,887 4,179 2,806
2005 38,164 37,236 33,058 4,178 2,795
2006 38,889 38,889 34,736 4,153 2,850

Table SSI 4.
Average Monthly Federally Administered SSI Benefits: 1975 – 2006
1
[In millions of dollars]

Calendar
Year
Total Benefits Federal
Payments
State
Supplementation
2006 2 Dollars Current Dollars
1 Payments and adjustments during the respective year but not necessarily accrued for that year.
2 Data adjusted for inflation by ASPE using the CPI-U-RS for calendar years.
Note:  This table differs from earlier versions because of variations across states in reported numbers of recipients and payment amounts of SSI state-administered state supplements, information on state-administered state supplements is no longer published by SSA.
Source:  Social Security Administration, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, SSI Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2007/index.html#table7.a5).
1975 $354 $106 $91 $62
1976 352 112 96 65
1977 346 117 101 67
1978 349 122 107 67
1979 398 149 119 111
1980 397 162 138 95
1981 395 176 155 94
1982 393 189 168 92
1983 402 204 182 91
1984 396 211 189 94
1985 392 218 194 99
1986 402 233 205 109
1987 397 238 208 116
1988 392 245 215 114
1989 395 257 224 121
1990 407 276 242 128
1991 412 292 260 120
1992 413 302 275 105
1993 420 315 290 100
1994 423 325 302 94
1995 426 335 313 99
1996 426 344 322 99
1997 425 351 328 102
1998 426 359 336 102
1999 428 369 342 111
2000 430 379 351 113
2001 436 394 366 114
2002 441 407 377 128
2003 445 417 384 138
2004 448 428 395 138
2005 450 439 407 156
2006 455 455 423 156

Table SSI 5.
Number of Persons Receiving Federally Administered SSI Payments by Eligibility Category

[In thousands]

Month and year Total 1 Federal SSI Federally Administered State Supplementation State Supplementation Only
1 Total equals the sum of "Federal SSI" and "State supplementation only."
Source: Number of persons receiving payments obtained from Social Security Administration, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, Social Security Bulletin, Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2007/index.html).
Jan 1974 3,216 2,956 1,480 260
Dec 1975 4,314 3,893 1,684 421
Dec 1980 4,236 3,799 1,638 437
Dec 1984 4,238 3,778 1,658 460
Dec 1985 4,217 3,755 1,681 462
Dec 1986 4,150 3,687 1,684 462
Dec 1987 4,142 3,682 1,685 460
Dec 1988 4,019 3,590 1,625 429
Dec 1989 3,858 3,473 1,550 384
Dec 1990 3,901 3,590 1,558 312
Dec 1991 4,029 3,699 1,607 331
Dec 1992 4,138 3,799 1,661 339
Dec 1993 4,269 3,922 1,723 348
Dec 1994 4,385 4,019 1,807 366
Dec 1995 4,464 4,089 1,885 375
Dec 1996 4,593 4,206 1,950 387
Dec 1997 4,817 4,412 2,058 405
Dec 1998 5,118 4,730 2,204 389
Dec 1999 5,566 5,202 2,372 364
Dec 2000 5,984 5,636 2,536 348
Dec 2001 6,296 5,965 2,628 331
Dec 2002 6,514 6,194 2,518 320
Dec 2003 6,614 6,326 2,421 288
Dec 2004 6,495 6,212 2,372 283
Dec 2005 6,566 6,289 2,412 277
Dec 2006 6,557 6,275 2,441 282

Table SSI 6.
Characteristics of SSI Recipients by Selected Characteristics: Selected Years 1980-2006

  1980 1985 1990 1994 1998 2000 2003 2006
Note: Data are for December of the year.
1 For 1980-1992 male-female classification reflects all blind and disabled, both children and adults; thereafter, it is based on adults only.
2 In this table, students 18-21 are classified as children prior to 1998.  
Source: Social Security Administration, Social Security Bulletin, Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 and prior years (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/supplement/2007/).
 

Total

Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   under 18 5.5 5.5 6.4 13.4 13.5 12.8 13.9 15.0
   18-64 40.9 45.4 50.9 53.0 55.5 56.7 57.3 57.4
   65 or older 53.6 49.1 42.7 33.7 31.0 30.5 28.8 27.7
Sex
   Male 34.4 35.2 37.2 41.3 41.3 41.5 42.4 43.5
   Female 65.5 64.8 62.8 58.7 58.7 58.5 57.6 56.5
Selected Sources of Income
   Earnings 3.2 3.8 4.7 4.2 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.8
   Social Security 51.0 49.4 45.9 39.1 36.5 36.1 35.1 35.0
   No other income 34.8 34.5 36.4 43.6 47.3 54.4 55.4 55.4
Noncitizens NA 5.1 9.0 11.7 10.2 10.5 10.1 9.3
Eligibility Category
   Aged 43.6 36.4 30.2 23.3 20.3 19.5 17.9 16.7
   Blind 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
   Disabled 54.5 61.7 68.1 75.4 78.5 79.3 81.0 82.2
 

Aged

Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   65-69 14.0 14.9 19.4 20.5 17.6 17.6 15.2 15.1
   70-79 51.5 45.6 41.3 44.3 48.4 48.4 48.2 46.1
   80 or older 34.5 39.5 39.2 35.1 34.0 34.0 36.6 38.8
Sex
   Male 27.3 25.5 25.1 26.8 27.8 27.8 30.3 31.8
   Female 72.6 74.5 74.9 73.2 72.2 72.2 69.7 68.2
Noncitizens NA 9.7 19.4 30.0 27.0 27.0 28.9 28.0
 

Blind and Disabled

Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   18-64 80.2 77.7 80.0 83.4 83.6 83.6 83.9 83.9
   65 or older 19.8 22.3 20.0 16.6 16.4 16.4 16.1 16.0
Sex1
   Male 39.8 40.8 42.4 41.8 41.1 41.1 45.0 41.5
   Female 60.2 59.2 57.6 58.2 58.9 58.9 55.0 58.5
Noncitizens NA 2.4 4.6 6.2 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.6
 

Children

Ages 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
   Under 5 11.7 NA NA 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.2 15.3
   5-9 20.9 NA NA 28.5 30.2 30.2 26.7 27.9
   10-14 28.8 NA NA 32.7 34.6 34.6 36.7 34.3
   15-17 21.7 NA NA 17.3 19.4 19.4 20.4 22.5
   18-212 16.8 14.3 9.3 5.7
Sex
   Male NA NA NA 63.0 62.9 62.9 64.7 65.6
   Female NA NA NA 37.0 37.1 37.1 35.3 34.4

Table SSI 7.
Total Federally Administered SSI Payments by State: Calendar Year 2006

[In thousands]

State Total Federal Federal SSI Federally administered state supplementation
Total $38,888,961 $34,736,088 $4,152,873
1 Columns do not added to totals since the totals include a small amount of payments not distributed by jurisdiction.
Source:  Social Security Administration, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, Social Security Bulletin, Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007 (available online at http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/).
Alabama 805,370 805,370
Alaska 56,455 56,455
Arizona 506,119 506,119
Arkansas 433,035 433,035
California 8,300,356 5,098,651 3,201,705
Colorado 278,569 278,569
Connecticut 271,916 271,916
Delaware 69,448 68,373 1,075
District of Columbia 119,087 114,981 4,106
Florida 2,128,009 2,128,009
Georgia 985,784 985,784
Hawaii 125,114 111,099 14,015
Idaho 113,799 113,799
Illinois 1,394,859 1,394,859
Indiana 519,364 519,364
Iowa 203,150 198,873 4,277
Kansas 194,365 194,350 15
Kentucky 901,618 901,618
Louisiana 760,132 760,132
Maine 153,051 153,051
Maryland 505,655 505,637 18
Massachusetts 952,569 785,001 167,568
Michigan 1,206,441 1,183,998 22,443
Minnesota 383,026 383,026
Mississippi 588,730 588,730
Missouri 598,130 598,130
Montana 74,296 73,355 941
Nebraska 108,092 108,092
Nevada 171,488 165,919 5,569
New Hampshire 72,064 72,064
New Jersey 799,587 715,886 83,701
New Mexico 263,305 263,305
New York 3,713,730 3,146,215 567,515
North Carolina 945,195 945,195
North Dakota 35,066 35,066
Ohio 1,346,688 1,346,688
Oklahoma 405,725 405,725
Oregon 314,433 314,433
Pennsylvania 1,757,105 1,709,630 47,475
Rhode Island 166,179 142,639 23,540
South Carolina 503,025 503,025
South Dakota 56,900 56,897 3
Tennessee 783,747 783,747
Texas 2,416,535 2,416,535
Utah 117,489 117,409 80
Vermont 66,522 57,695 8,827
Virginia 666,913 666,913
Washington 656,188 656,188
West Virginia 396,292 396,292
Wisconsin 466,399 466,399
Wyoming 27,557 27,557
Other: N. Mariana Islands 4,291 4,291

Table SSI 8.
SSI Recipiency Rates by State And Program Type:  1979 and 2006

[In percent]

  Total Recipiency Rate Rate for Adults 18-64 Rate for Adults 65 & Over
  Percent Change   Percent Change   Percent Change
1979 2006 1979-06 1979 2006 1979-06 1979 2006 1979-06
   Total 1.9 2.4 30 1.3 2.2 75 9.0 5.4 -40
Note: Recipiency rates for 2004 are the ratios of the number of SSI recipients (in the respective age groups) as of the month of December to the estimated population in the respective age group as of the month of July; calculations by DHHS.  The 1979 rates are based on the average number of recipients during the year.
Source: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Income, Annual Statistical Report, 2007 and U.S. Census Bureau (resident population by state available online at http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/).
Alabama 3.6 3.6 1 1.8 3.6 97 21.0 5.5 -74
Alaska 0.8 1.7 121 0.5 1.6 196 14.0 6.7 -52
Arizona 1.1 1.6 44 0.9 1.5 69 5.0 3.0 -40
Arkansas 3.5 3.3 -6 1.9 3.2 71 17.1 4.7 -72
California 3.0 3.4 13 2.1 2.6 27 16.4 13.5 -18
Colorado 1.1 1.2 9 0.8 1.1 43 6.7 3.0 -55
Connecticut 0.8 1.5 100 0.6 1.5 138 2.7 2.7 0
Delaware 1.2 1.6 34 0.9 1.5 60 5.4 2.1 -61
District of Columbia 2.3 3.7 62 1.9 3.3 72 8.6 5.9 -31
Florida 1.8 2.4 35 1.1 1.8 58 6.2 4.7 -24
Georgia 2.9 2.2 -23 1.9 2.0 6 17.7 5.6 -68
Hawaii 1.1 1.8 71 0.7 1.6 132 7.6 4.8 -37
Idaho 0.8 1.6 103 0.6 1.7 166 3.8 1.9 -50
Illinois 1.1 2.0 85 1.0 2.0 111 4.3 3.8 -11
Indiana 0.8 1.6 113 0.6 1.7 179 3.3 1.6 -52
Iowa 0.9 1.5 69 0.6 1.6 158 3.5 1.6 -54
Kansas 0.9 1.4 57 0.6 1.5 138 3.5 1.8 -48
Kentucky 2.5 4.3 69 1.8 4.5 151 12.5 6.2 -51
Louisiana 3.4 3.7 10 2.0 3.5 72 20.1 6.5 -68
Maine 2.0 2.5 28 1.4 2.8 101 8.6 2.8 -67
Maryland 1.2 1.7 48 0.9 1.6 70 5.4 3.8 -30
Massachusetts 2.2 2.7 21 1.3 2.6 103 10.8 5.6 -48
Michigan 1.3 2.2 75 1.1 2.4 124 5.9 2.9 -50
Minnesota 0.8 1.5 85 0.6 1.4 155 3.7 2.7 -27
Mississippi 4.5 4.2 -6 2.4 4.0 65 26.0 8.2 -68
Missouri 1.8 2.1 19 1.1 2.2 100 7.9 2.5 -68
Montana 0.9 1.6 80 0.7 1.8 150 3.8 1.9 -50
Nebraska 0.9 1.3 48 0.6 1.4 119 3.4 1.7 -50
Nevada 0.8 1.4 67 0.5 1.2 126 5.9 3.4 -42
New Hampshire 0.6 1.1 90 0.4 1.3 195 2.5 1.1 -57
New Jersey 1.1 1.8 58 0.9 1.5 74 4.7 4.6 -2
New Mexico 2.0 2.8 42 1.4 2.6 90 12.4 6.5 -47
New York 2.1 3.3 56 1.6 2.7 70 8.3 9.1 10
North Carolina 2.4 2.3 -4 1.6 2.1 33 13.6 4.4 -68
North Dakota 1.0 1.3 31 0.6 1.3 128 5.1 1.9 -62
Ohio 1.1 2.2 98 1.0 2.4 142 4.2 2.4 -42
Oklahoma 2.3 2.3 -1 1.3 2.4 80 11.6 3.3 -72
Oregon 0.9 1.7 98 0.7 1.7 143 3.3 2.8 -15
Pennsylvania 1.4 2.6 86 1.1 2.6 132 5.0 3.2 -35
Rhode Island 1.6 2.9 82 1.1 2.8 159 6.4 4.9 -24
South Carolina 2.7 2.4 -11 1.8 2.3 29 17.0 4.4 -74
South Dakota 1.1 1.6 40 0.7 1.6 122 5.0 2.7 -46
Tennessee 2.9 2.7 -6 1.9 2.7 44 14.8 4.5 -70
Texas 1.9 2.2 16 1.0 1.8 89 12.7 7.0 -45
Utah 0.6 0.9 64 0.5 1.0 96 3.0 1.8 -41
Vermont 1.8 2.1 19 1.3 2.3 76 8.1 3.0 -63
Virginia 1.5 1.8 20 1.0 1.6 57 8.5 3.9 -54
Washington 1.2 1.9 64 1.0 1.9 94 4.8 3.7 -23
West Virginia 2.1 4.3 102 1.9 4.9 163 8.0 4.3 -46
Wisconsin 1.4 1.7 18 1.0 1.7 77 6.5 2.2 -66
Wyoming 0.4 1.1 162 0.3 1.2 314 2.7 1.3 -53

Table SSI 9.
SSI Recipiency Rates by State: Selected Fiscal Years 1975 – 2006

[In Percent]

  1975 1980 1985 1990 1994 2 1998 2 2003 2 2006 2
      Total 1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
1 The number of SSI recipients used to calculate the total recipiency rate includes a certain number of recipients whose State is unknown. For 1975, 1985, and 1992, the numbers of unknown (in thousands) were 256, 14, and 71 respectively.
2 For 1975-92 the percentages are calculated as the average number of monthly SSI recipients over the total population of each State in July of that year.  For 1994-2003 the number of recipients is from the month of December; calculations by DHHS.
Source: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Income, Annual Statistical Report, 2007, and U.S. Census Bureau (resident population by state available online at http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/).
Alabama 4.0 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6
Alaska 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.7
Arizona 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Arkansas 4.1 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.3
California 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4
Colorado 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Connecticut 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Delaware 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
District of Columbia 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.7
Florida 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Georgia 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.2
Hawaii 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8
Idaho 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Illinois 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.6 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Indiana 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Iowa 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Kansas 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Kentucky 2.8 2.6 2.7 3.1 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.3
Louisiana 3.9 3.2 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.7
Maine 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5
Maryland 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Massachusetts 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7
Michigan 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Minnesota 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Mississippi 5.2 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.2 4.9 4.4 4.2
Missouri 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Montana 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Nebraska 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Nevada 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
New Hampshire 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.1
New Jersey 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8
New Mexico 2.3 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8
New York 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.3 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3
North Carolina 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.3
North Dakota 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Ohio 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2
Oklahoma 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3
Oregon 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7
Pennsylvania 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.6
Rhode Island 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.9
South Carolina 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.5 2.4
South Dakota 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6
Tennessee 3.2 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.7
Texas 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Utah 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Vermont 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Virginia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8
Washington 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9
West Virginia 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.6 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.3
Wisconsin 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.8 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.7
Wyoming 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"report.pdf" (pdf, 673.5Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®