Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. INDICATOR 5. Multiple Program Receipt

12/20/2008

Figure IND 5.
Percentage of Recipients Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs — TANF, Food Stamps and SSI: 2005

Figure IND 5

Note:  Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt are based on the full recipient unit. In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs. The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II). Spouses are not present in the female-headed and male-headed family categories

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2006, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.


  • Figure IND 5 shows the percentage of those receiving benefits from TANF, food stamps, or SSI or a combination of benefits from these programs in 2005.  About three-quarters (74.3 percent) of persons in families receiving TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month received assistance from only one program. Most received food stamps or SSI benefits only.  Two percent of persons in families received only TANF benefits.
  • Table IND 5a shows the percentage of the population receiving assistance from multiple means-tested assistance programs by demographic characteristics.  Among age categories, children were more likely than persons in other age categories to live in families that received support from multiple means-tested assistance programs.  For example, 5.3 percent of children from birth to 5 years lived in families that received both TANF and food stamps as compared with 1.2 percent of women aged 16 to 64.
  • Among family categories, persons in female-headed families were more likely than those living in other types of families to receive support from multiple means-tested assistance programs.  Among persons in female-headed families, 7.4 percent received support from TANF and food stamps, as compared to .5 percent of those in married-couple families, and 1.9 percent of those in male-headed families.
  • Table IND 5b shows the percentage of the population receiving assistance from multiple means-tested assistance programs between 1993 and 2005.  Reliance on multiple means-tested programs has decreased over time.  In 1993, 4.8 percent of the population received AFDC and food stamps.  In 2005, the percent who received both TANF and food stamps decreased to 1.5 percent.

Table IND 5a.
Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Means-Tested Assistance Programs
by Selected Characteristics: 2005

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
TANF FS SSI TANF & FS FS & SSI
Note:  Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt are based on the full recipient unit.  In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.  The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II). Spouses are not present in the female-headed and male-headed family categories.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2006, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

All Persons 10.2 0.2 6.2 1.3 1.5 1.2
  Racial/Ethnic Categories
    Non-Hispanic White 6.7 0.1 4.1 0.9 0.7 0.8
    Non-Hispanic Black 24.9 0.5 15.1 2.0 4.4 2.9
    Hispanic 14.6 0.4 8.5 1.7 2.7 1.3
  Age Categories
    Children ages 0-5 20.7 0.6 13.4 0.7 5.3 0.7
    Children ages 6-10 17.6 0.5 11.6 0.7 4.2 0.6
    Children ages 11-15 15.9 0.7 10.2 0.9 3.3 0.8
    Women ages 16-64 9.6 0.1 6.1 0.9 1.2 1.3
    Men ages 16-64 6.3 0.1 3.8 1.2 0.4 0.9
    Adults ages 65 and over 8.0 0.0 2.4 3.1 0.0 2.4
  Family Categories
    Persons in married-couple families 4.8 0.1 3.0 0.7 0.5 0.4
    Persons in female-headed families 33.4 0.7 20.1 2.5 7.4 2.7
    Persons in male-headed families 13.9 0.3 8.2 2.2 1.9 1.3
    Unrelated persons 9.4 0.0 4.9 1.8 0.0 2.7

Table IND 5b.
Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Means-Tested Assistance Programs: 1993-2005

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
AFDC/TANF FS SSI AFDC/TANF & FS FS & SSI
Note:  Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt are based on the full recipient unit.  In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.  The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1994-2006, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

1993 12.6 0.6 5.2 1.1 4.8 1.0
1994 12.8 0.5 5.3 1.2 4.6 1.1
1995 12.3 0.4 5.0 1.2 4.5 1.1
1996 12.0 0.3 5.3 1.2 4.0 1.1
1997 10.2 0.4 4.3 1.3 3.1 1.0
1998 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9
1999 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.3 2.0 1.0
2000 8.1 0.2 3.8 1.4 1.7 1.0
2001 8.1 0.3 3.9 1.4 1.5 1.0
2002 8.5 0.3 4.5 1.3 1.4 1.0
2003 9.7 0.2 5.5 1.3 1.6 1.0
2004 10.3 0.2 6.1 1.2 1.6 1.1
2005 10.2 0.2 6.2 1.3 1.5 1.2 

 

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