Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. Endnotes


1 Many states limit TANF assistance to less than the 60-month federal maximum.

2 Separate State Programs (SSP) refer to programs funded by state MOE contributions.  Some states have additional programs that are similar to TANF, but are not funded by TANF or MOE sources.  These programs are sometimes called Solely State Funded programs and are excluded from any federal work standards and the 60-month limit on assistance.  Since States do not report data on these programs they are not included in any of the tables in this report.

3 States are allowed to use TANF funds on a variety of services, including employment and training services, domestic violence services, child care, transportation, and other support services. Families receiving such services, however, generally should not be counted as recipients of TANF “assistance.”  Under the final regulations for TANF, “assistance” primarily includes payments directed at ongoing basic needs.  It includes payments when individuals are participating in community service and work experience (or other work activities) as a condition of receiving payments (e.g., workfare).  In addition, the definition also includes certain child care and transportation benefits when families are not employed.   It excludes, however, such things as:  non-recurrent, short-term benefits; services without a cash value, such as education and training, case management, job search, and counseling; and benefits such as child care and transportation when provided to employed families.

4 States began submitting caseload data on SSPs in FY 2000.

5 Family characteristics in Table TANF 7 may differ from those reported in Chapter II because the administrative data focus on the assistance unit, whereas the survey-based data in Chapter II often use a broader family unit definition.  For example, grandparents, adult siblings, aunts, uncles, and other adult relatives living in the same household as the recipient children may be excluded from the assistance unit and thus the administrative data, yet be included in survey data on the family in which the TANF recipient resides.

6  Note that these figures include recipients in SSPs, who are sometimes omitted from TANF caseload statistics reported by the Department.

7 Not all of these adults are participating in enough hours to meet the TANF Work Participation Rate requirement.

8 The percentages in this paragraph do not include cases served by SSP programs.  In FY 2006, 14.2 percent of SSP caseloads funded by MOE did not have an adult in the assistance unit compared to 47.2 percent of families served through the main TANF programs.

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