Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 6. Adult Alcohol and Substance Abuse

12/20/2008

Figure WORK 6.
Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol by Age: 2006

Figure WORK 6

Note:  Cocaine and marijuana use is defined as use during the past month.  “Binge alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days.  “Heavy alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.

Source:  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.


  • Figure WORK 6 shows the percentage of adults who used cocaine, the percentage who used marijuana, and the percentage who abused alcohol by age group in 2006.  Adults 18 to 25 years of age were more likely than older adults to report cocaine, marijuana, binge alcohol or heavy alcohol use in the prior month.  For example, 16.3 percent reported using marijuana in the past month during 2006, compared with 8.5 percent of adults 26 to 34 years of age and 3.2 percent of adults 35 years and over.
  • The percentage of adults reporting binge alcohol use was larger than the percentages for all other reported behaviors across all age groups.  Among those reporting binge alcohol use, however, this behavior was more prevalent among adults 18 to 25 years of age than among adults in other age categories.
  • Table WORK 6 shows trend data for cocaine, marijuana, binge alcohol and heavy alcohol use for the years 1999 to 2006.
  • For adults in all age groups, alcohol abuse increased between 2005 and 2006.  Cocaine use increased for adults 26 to 34 years of age, and marijuana use increased for adults ages 35 and over during the same two-year period.

Table WORK 6.
Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol by Age:  1999-2006

  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Note:  Cocaine and marijuana use is defined as use during the past month.  “Binge alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. “Heavy alcohol use” is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.

Source:  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2000-2007.

Cocaine
Ages 18-25 1.7 1.4 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.6 2.2
Ages 26-34 1.2 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.7
Ages 35 and over 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
Marijuana
Ages 18-25 14.2 13.6 16.0 17.3 17.0 16.1 16.6 16.3
Ages 26-34 5.4 5.9 6.8 7.7 8.4 8.3 8.6 8.5
Ages 35 and over 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2
Binge Alcohol Use
Ages 18-25 37.9 37.8 38.7 40.9 41.6 41.2 41.9 42.2
Ages 26-34 29.3 30.3 30.1 33.1 32.9 32.2 32.9 34.2
Ages 35 and over 16.0 16.4 16.2 18.6 18.1 18.5 18.3 18.4
Heavy Alcohol Use
Ages 18-25 13.3 12.8 13.6 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.6
Ages 26-34 7.5 7.6 7.8 9.0 9.4 9.4 9.6 10.0
Ages 35 and over 4.2 4.1 4.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.7 5.1

 

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