Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 5. High School Dropout Rates

12/20/2008

Figure WORK 5.
Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year
by Race and Ethnicity: 1995-2005

Figure WORK 5

Note:  Beginning in 1987, the U.S. Census Bureau instituted new editing procedures for cases with missing data on school enrollment. Beginning in 1992, the data reflect new wording of the educational attainment item in the Current Population Survey (CPS).

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total but are not shown separately.

Source:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Dropout Rates in the United States: 2005 and earlier years (based on Current Population Survey data from the October supplement).


  • Figure WORK 5 shows the percentage of students who were enrolled in grades 10 through 12 in the previous year but were not enrolled and had not graduated in the survey year by race and ethnicity for the time period 1995 to 2005.  With the exception of Non-Hispanic Blacks, there has been a general downward trend in dropout rates.
  • In 2005, the dropout rate was 5.0 percent for Hispanic students of any race, 7.3 percent for Non-Hispanic Black students, and 2.8 percent for Non-Hispanic White students.
  • Between 2003 and 2005, Non-Hispanic Blacks experienced an increase in the percentage of students dropping out of school, from 4.8 percent in 2003 to 7.3 percent in 2005.
  • Table WORK 5 provides trend data on dropout rates beginning in 1972.  The dropout rate for all races was highest in 1978 and 1979 (6.7 percent) and then declined to 3.6 percent in 2002, a 30-year low.  Since 2002, the dropout rate for students of all races has risen somewhat to 3.8 percent in 2005. 
  • Dropout rates among Hispanic students of any race have fluctuated since 1972.  Despite this fluctuation, Hispanic dropout rates were higher than rates for Non-Hispanic White students in all years since 1972 and higher than rates for Non-Hispanic Black students in all reported years except 2005.

Table WORK 5.
Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who
Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year
by Race and Ethnicity: 1972 - 2005

  All
Races
Non-Hispanic
White
Non-Hispanic
Black
Hispanic
Note:  Beginning in 1987, the U.S. Census Bureau instituted new editing procedures for cases with missing data on school enrollment.  Beginning in 1992, the data reflect new wording of the educational attainment item in the Current Population Survey (CPS).

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total but are not shown separately.

Source:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Dropout Rates in the United States: 2005 and earlier years (based on Current Population Survey data from the October supplement).

1972 6.1 5.3 9.5 11.2
1973 6.3 5.5 9.9 10.0
1974 6.7 5.8 11.6 9.9
1975 5.8 5.0 8.7 10.9
1976 5.9 5.6 7.4 7.3
1977 6.5 6.1 8.6 7.8
1978 6.7 5.8 10.2 12.3
1979 6.7 6.0 9.9 9.8
1980 6.1 5.2 8.2 11.7
1981 5.9 4.8 9.7 10.7
1982 5.5 4.7 7.8 9.2
1983 5.2 4.4 7.0 10.1
1984 5.1 4.4 5.7 11.1
1985 5.2 4.3 7.8 9.8
1986 4.7 3.7 5.4 11.9
1987 4.1 3.5 6.4 5.4
1988 4.8 4.2 5.9 10.4
1989 4.5 3.5 7.8 7.8
1990 4.0 3.3 5.0 7.9
1991 4.0 3.2 6.0 7.3
1992 4.4 3.7 5.0 8.2
1993 4.5 3.9 5.8 6.7
1994 5.3 4.2 6.6 10.0
1995 5.7 4.5 6.4 12.3
1996 5.0 4.1 6.7 9.0
1997 4.6 3.6 5.0 9.5
1998 4.8 3.9 5.2 9.4
1999 5.0 4.0 6.5 7.8
2000 4.8 4.1 6.1 7.4
2001 5.0 4.1 6.3 8.8
2002 3.6 2.6 4.9 5.8
2003 4.0 3.2 4.8 7.1
2004 4.7 3.7 5.7 8.9
2005 3.8 2.8 7.3 5.0

 

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