Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2008. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

12/20/2008

Figure WORK 1.
Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants by Race and Ethnicity: 2006

Figure WORK 1

Note:  Full-time, full-year workers (FT/FY) are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year. Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2007.


  • Figure WORK 1 shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants by race and ethnicity.  In 2006, Hispanics of any race were more likely to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year labor force participant (77.8 percent) than were Non-Hispanic Whites (72.3 percent) or Non-Hispanic Blacks (66.8 percent). 
  • Table WORK 1a shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants by demographic characteristics.   In 2006, children ages 6 to 15 were more likely to live in families with at least one full- time, full-year labor force participant (80.7 percent) than were children from birth to 5 years of age (78.5 percent).   
  • Among family types, persons living in married-couple families were more likely than persons living in other family types to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year labor force participant. 
  • Table WORK 1b shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants for select years between 1990 and 2006.  The percentage of persons living in families with at least one full-time, full-year labor force participant has fluctuated over time.  The percentage increased from a low of 67.6 percent in 1992 to a high of 73.3 percent in 2000.  In 2006, 72.8 percent of persons lived in families with at least one full-time, full-year worker. 

Table WORK 1a.
Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants by Selected Characteristics: 2006

  No One in LF
During Year
At Least One in LF
No One FT/FY
At Least One
FT/FY Worker
Note:  Full-time, full-year (FT/FY) workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2007.

All Persons 13.6 13.7 72.8
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 14.7 13.0 72.3
Non-Hispanic Black 16.2 17.0 66.8
Hispanic 8.4 13.8 77.8
Age Categories
Children ages 0-5 6.2 15.4 78.5
Children ages 6-10 6.0 13.3 80.7
Children ages 11-15 5.9 13.4 80.7
Women ages 16-64 8.0 14.3 77.7
Men ages 16-64 6.0 12.4 81.6
Adults ages 65 and over 62.9 14.6 22.5
Family Categories
Persons in married families 9.3 9.6 81.1
Persons in female-headed families 15.3 23.5 61.2
Persons in male-headed families 14.6 24.8 60.7
Unrelated persons 29.4 17.8 52.8

Table WORK 1b.  Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants: Selected Years

  No One in LF
During Year
At Least One in LF
No One FT/FY
At Least One
FT/FY Worker
2006 13.6 13.7 72.8
Note:  Full-time, full-year workers (FT/FY) are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.

Source:  Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1991-2007.

1990 13.7 17.6 68.7
1992 14.4 18.1 67.6
1994 14.1 17.1 68.8
1996 13.6 16.1 70.3
1998 13.3 14.6 72.1
1999 12.6 14.4 73.1
2000 12.8 13.8 73.3
2001 13.3 14.4 72.4
2002 13.4 14.6 72.0
2003 13.8 15.0 71.2
2004 13.9 14.4 71.7
2005 13.7 14.1 72.2

 

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