Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 3. Earnings of Low-skilled Workers

07/31/2007

Figure WORK 3. Mean Weekly Wages of Women and Men Working Full-Time, Full-Year with No More than a High School Education, by Race/Ethnicity (2005 Dollars): Selected Years

Figure WORK 3. Mean Weekly Wages of Women and Men Working Full-Time, Full-Year with No More than a High School Education, by Race/Ethnicity (2005 Dollars): Selected Years

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1981-2006.


  • Average weekly wages of low-skilled women have been consistently lower than those of low-skilled men. For example, the average weekly wages of non-Hispanic black women without a high school education who worked full-time, full-year were 80 percent of those of men of the same race, education and work status in 2005 ($477 compared to $597).
  • Non-Hispanic white women have had the highest average weekly wages among low-skilled women working full-time, full-year reaching $570 in 2005. This level is a 19 percent increase over their mean weekly wages in 1980. Over the same time period, non-Hispanic black women and Hispanic women’s weekly wages increased at slower rates (9 percent and 5 percent, respectively).
  • Average weekly wages for all low-skilled workers decreased from 2004 to 2005. Wages for Hispanic men decreased the most during this time period ($551 compared to $531), while low-skilled non-Hispanic black women had the smallest drop in wages ($480 compared to $477).
  • Over the past two decades, both Hispanic women and men’s wages have lagged behind non-Hispanic whites and blacks among low-skilled, full-time workers. In 2005, Hispanic women’s wages were 25 percent lower than non-Hispanic white women and 10 percent lower than non-Hispanic black women. Hispanic men trailed non-Hispanic white men by 33 percent and non-Hispanic black men by 11 percent.

Table WORK 3. Mean Weekly Wages of Women and Men Working Full-Time, Full-Year with No More than a High School Education, by Race/Ethnicity (2005 Dollars): Selected Years

  Women Men
  Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic

Note: Full-time, full-year workers work at least 48 weeks per year and usually work 35 hours per week.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1981-2006.

1980 479 438 410 792 589 597
1981 470 425 417 783 583 589
1982 475 431 414 765 565 565
1983 474 430 410 755 544 571
1984 480 447 417 773 544 576
1985 493 447 411 767 568 565
1986 497 447 432 781 568 548
1987 508 468 420 784 582 549
1988 509 452 420 781 611 554
1989 507 477 431 766 571 537
1990 510 467 409 738 570 525
1991 502 453 407 723 566 504
1992 513 458 424 733 558 519
1993 509 444 412 719 551 505
1994 518 460 416 731 566 502
1995 523 460 404 756 574 504
1996 529 487 419 778 599 502
1997 535 457 428 789 599 540
1998 556 464 431 771 605 537
1999 535 466 424 795 648 536
2000 554 472 414 817 643 547
2001 562 495 433 807 620 550
2002 573 510 437 806 626 574
2003 593 490 445 809 639 540
2004 582 480 436 805 602 551
2005 570 477 430 796 597 531

 

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