Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

07/31/2007

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants by Race/Ethnicity: 2005

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants by Race/Ethnicity: 2005

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2006.


  • In 2005, 72 percent of the total population lived in families with at least one person working on a full-time, full-year basis (FT/FY), as shown in Table WORK 1a. While slightly lower than the peak in 2000, the percentage of individuals living with full-time, full year workers has generally increased since the early 1990s, as shown in Table WORK 1b.
  • Persons of Hispanic origin were less likely than non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic blacks to live in families with no one in the labor force in 2005 (9 percent compared to 15 and 17 percent, respectively).
  • Working-age women in 2005 were more likely than working-age men to live in families with no one in the labor force (8 percent compared to 6 percent), as shown in Table Work 1a. Men were more likely than women to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year worker (81 percent compared to 77 percent).
  • More than 80 percent of individuals in married families lived with at least one full-time, fullyear worker in 2005, compared to only about 60 percent in male or female-headed households, as shown in Table WORK 1a.

Table WORK 1a. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2005

  No One in LF During Year At Least One in LF No One FT/FY At Least One FT/FY Worker

Note: Full-time, full-year workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year. Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off and/or looking for work for part or all of the year. This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus  cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1991-2006.

All Persons 13.7 14.1 72.2
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 14.7 13.2 72.1
Non-Hispanic Black 16.7 18.8 64.5
Hispanic 8.7 14.2 77.2
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 6.2 15.4 78.4
Children Ages 6-10 6.4 14.1 79.6
Children Ages 11-15 6.2 13.6 80.1
Women Ages 16-64 8.2 14.8 77.0
Men Ages 16-64 5.9 12.8 81.3
Adults Ages 65 and over 63.6 15.2 21.3
Family Structure
Individuals in married families 9.3 9.9 80.8
Individuals in female-headed families 14.6 26.1 59.3
Individuals in male-headed families 14.6 23.8 61.6
Unrelated individuals 29.7 18.3 52.0

Table WORK 1b. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants: Selected Years

  No One in LF During Year At Least One in LF No One FT/FY At Least One FT/FY Worker
See above for note and source.
1990 13.7 17.6 68.7
1991 14.3 18.1 67.6
1992 14.4 18.1 67.6
1993 14.1 17.9 68.0
1996 13.6 16.1 70.3
1997 13.4 15.7 70.9
1998 13.3 14.6 72.1
1999 12.6 14.4 73.1
2000 12.8 13.8 73.3
2001 13.3 14.4 72.4
2004 13.9 14.4 71.7
2005 13.7 14.1 72.2

 

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